This Day in History - August 5

August 5

1391 – Castilian sailors in Barcelona, Spain set fire to a Jewish ghetto, killing 100 and setting off four days of violence against Jews

1762 – Russia, Prussia, and Austria sign a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland

1763 – Colonel Henry Bouquet defeats the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run in Pennsylvania during Pontiac’s rebellion

1779 – Lieutenant Colonel James DeLancey’s New York Loyalists and Patriot William Hull’s Connecticut Brigade engage in a civil war for the Bronx in New York

1815 – A peace treaty with Tripoli brings an end to the Barbary Wars

1850 – Writer, Guy de Maupassant, is born

1858 – The first transatlantic cable is completed

1861 – Congress adopts the nation’s first income tax to finance the Civil War

1864 – The Union Navy captures Mobile Bay in Alabama

1876 – American historian and writer, Mary Ritter Beard, is born

1892 – Harriet Tubman receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy and scout during the Civil War

1895 – German philosopher, Friedrich Engels, dies

1906 – Film director, John Huston, is born

1908 – English scientist and writer, Miriam Rothschild, is born

1914 – The British Expeditionary Force mobilizes for WWI

1914 – The first electric traffic signal lights are installed in Cleveland, Ohio

1915 – The Austro-German Army takes Warsaw on the Eastern Front

1916 – The British navy defeats the Ottomans at the battle off Port Said, Egypt

1921 – Mustafa Kemal is appointed virtual ruler of the Ottoman Empire

1923 – Political campaign leader for Richard Nixon, Richard Kleindienst, is born

1930 – First man to walk on the moon, Neil Armstrong, is born

1941 – The German army completes its taking of 410,000 Russian prisoners in the Uman and Smolensk pockets in the Soviet Union

1944 – Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners, who join a general uprising against the German occupiers of the city

1948 – An earthquake in Ecuador kills 6,000 and injures 20,000

1951 – The UN Command suspends armistice talks with the North Koreans when armed troops are spotted in neutral areas

1953 – Texas Ranger, Ira Aten, dies

1957 – American Bandstand goes national, broadcast live five days a week

1962 – Actress, Marilyn Monroe, dies under mysterious circumstances

1962 – Nelson Mandela is arrested by the government of Rivonia

1963 – Representatives of the US, the Soviet Union and Great Britain sign the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

1964 – Canadian ice hockey player, Art Ross, dies

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson begins bombing North Vietnam in retaliation for the Gulf of Tonkin incident and asks Congress to go to war against North Vietnam

1968 – French politician, Marine Le Pen, is born

1974 – President Richard Nixon admits he ordered a cover-up for political as well as national security reasons

1975 – Television actress, Ami Foster, is born

1976 – The NBA merges with the American Basketball Association

1979 – Irish football player, David Healy, is born

1981 – President Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air traffic controllers

1983 – Risky Business debuts and launches a young Tom Cruise into stardom

1984 – Welsh actor, Richard Burton, dies

1991 – American football coach, Paul Brown, dies

1992 – Four police officers are indicted on civil rights charges in the beating of Rodney King

1995 – Croatian forces capture the city of Knin, a Serb stronghold, during Operation Storm

1997 – The mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, Ramzi Yousef, goes on trial

1998 – Marie Noe, age 70, is arrested at her home in Philadelphia and charged with smothering eight of her children who died in 1949 and 1968

2002 – The USS Monitor was raised from the floor of the Atlantic where it had rested since the Civil War

2012 – A gunman in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, opens fire in a Sikh temple, killing six before committing suicide



Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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