This Day in History - January 8

January 8

794 – The Vikings attack Lindisfarne Island

1587 – Astronomer Johannes Fabricus is born

1642 – Astronomer Galileo Galilei dies

1681 – The Treaty of Radzin ends a war between the Turks and allies Russia and Poland

1745 – Austria, England, Netherlands and Saxony form an alliance against Russia

1786 – Head of the first United States bank, Nicholas Biddle, is born

1790 – President George Washington delivers the first State of the Union to Congress

1815 – Andrew Jackson defeats the British in the Battle of New Orleans

1821 – Confederate General James Longstreet is born

1835 – The US national debt is at 0 for the first and only time

1862 – Businessman and founder of Doubleday Publishing, Frank Nelson Doubleday is born

1867 – Congress overrides President Johnson’s veto of a bill granting all adult male citizens of the District of Columbia the right to vote

1871 – Prussian troops attack Paris during the Franco-Prussian War

1877 – Crazy Horse fights in his last battle against the US Cavalry in Montana

1889 – Computer pioneer Herman Hollerith patents his punched card calculator, which will pave the way for modern automatic computers

1900 – The Boers attack the British in Ladysmith, South Africa

1908 – A subway opens linking Brooklyn and Manhattan

1912 – The African National Congress is founded

1916 – Sculptor Rembrandt Bugatti, brother of auto designer Ettore Bugatti, commits suicide

1916 – Allied forces retreat from the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, ending the invasion of the Ottoman Empire

1918 – President Woodrow Wilson announces his “14 Points” for achieving lasting peace in Europe

1926 – Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz

1934 – French cyclist Jacques Anquetil is born

1935 – Actor and singer Elvis Presley is born

1938 – Game show host Bob Eubanks is born

1940 – Great Britain rations sugar, meat and butter

1940 – Benito Mussolini sends a message to Adolf Hitler warning against waging war with Britain

1941 – Comedian and actor Graham Chapman is born

1941 – Newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst forbids any of his newspapers to run advertisements for Orson Welles’ “Citizen Kane,” a film based in part on the life of Hearst

1942 – American lawyer and religious leader Joseph Franklin Rutherford dies

1942 – English physicist and author Stephen Hawking is born

1946 – Elvis Presley receives his first guitar as a birthday gift from his mother, Gladys

1947 – Singer, songwriter, producer and actor David Bowie is born

1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower proposes stripping convicted Communists of their US citizenship

1958 – Bobby Fischer wins the US Chess Championship for the first time at age 14

1959 – Charles de Gaulle becomes the president of France

1962 – President John Kennedy attends the unveiling of Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson announces his War on Poverty plan

1967 – Operation Cedar Falls is launched-the largest of the war to date, in which US troops destroyed a large tunnel complex that served as a headquarters for guerrilla raids and attacks on Saigon

1967 – American singer, songwriter, producer and actor R. Kelly is born

1973 – Peace negotiations resume in Paris between National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger and Hanoi’s Le Duc Tho

1975 – Ella Grasso of Connecticut becomes the first female governor in the US who did not come into office by succeeding her husband

1976 – Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou Enlai, dies

1979 – The US advises the Shah to leave Iran

1982 – AT&T agrees to divest 22 Bell System subdivisions as part of an antitrust agreement

1990 – British actor Terry Thomas dies

1994 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov leaves earth on his way to the Mir space station and a record 437 days in space

1996 – A cargo plane crashes in Kishasa, Zaire killing approximately 350 people and injuring another 500

1996 – 21st President of France, Francois Mitterrand dies

1998 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is sentenced to life in prison

2000 – At the Adelphia Coliseum in Nashville during an AFC wild card match-up, the Tennessee Titans pull off a come-from-behind victory over the Buffalo Bills, 22-16, on a kickoff return play known as the “Music City Miracle”

2002 – US President George W. Bush signs the No Child Left Behind Act

2004 – The largest passenger ship in history, the RMS Queen Mary 2, is christened by Queen Elizabeth II, granddaughter of Queen Mary

2011 – Jared Lee Loughner goes on a shooting spree, killing 6 and wounding 13, including congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords from Arizona

2011 – Princess Josephine of Denmark is born

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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