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This Day in History - November 22

November 22

1220 – Frederick II is crowned emperor by Pope Honorius III

1542 – Spain passes laws to give Indians in America protection against enslavement

1718 – Infamous pirate Edward Teach, more popularly known as Blackbeard, is killed off North Carolina’s Outer Banks during a battle with the British navy known as the Battle of Ocracoke Island, although legend has it that once captured, Blackbeard received five musket-ball wounds and 20 sword lacerations before dying

1757 – The Austrian army defeats the Prussians at Breslau in the Seven Years War

1783 – The first president of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation, John Hanson, dies in Maryland

1819 – English novelist, George Eliot, aka Mary Ann Evans, is born

1847 – The Astor Place Opera opens in New York, becoming the city’s first opera theater

1864 – Confederate General John Bell invades Tennessee

1890 – French general in exile during World War II and president of France from 1958-1969, Charles de Gaulle is born

1899 – American composer, pianist, and singer, Hoagy Carmichael is born

1900 – The first car to be produced under the Mercedes name is test-driven for the first time in Cannstatt, Germany

1900 – English composer, Arthur Sullivan dies

1902 – A fire damages the unfinished Williamsburg Bridge in New York

1913 – English composer, pianist, and conductor, Benjamin Britten is born

1914 – The first extended battle fought between Allied and German forces in Ypres Salient during World War I ends

1915 – The Anglo-Indian army attacks and is repulsed by a larger Turkish force at Ctesiphon, Iraq

1916 – Novelist, Jack London dies of kidney failure in Glen Ellen, California

1919 – A Labor conference committee in the US recommends the eight-hour workday and a 48-hour week

1924 – Actress, Geraldine Page is born

1925 – Composer and French Horn player, Gunther Schuller is born

1928 – British King George is confined to bed with congested lung leaving the queen to take over

1935 – Pan Am inaugurates the first transpacific airmail service from San Francisco to Manila

1936 – 1,200 soldiers are killed in a battle between the Japanese and Mongolians in China

1942 – Soviet troops complete the encirclement of the German Sixth Army at Stalingrad

1943 – US tennis player and women’s rights activist, Billie Jean King is born

1948 – Ho Chi Minh’s Democratic Republic of Vietnam asked to join the UN

1949 – Historian and author, David Pietrusza is born

1950 – Singer, songwriter, musician, actor, and producer, Steven Van Zandt is born

1950 – Two Long Island Railroad commuter trains collide killing 79 people

1958 – Actress and author, Jamie Lee Curtis is born

1961 – Actress, Mariel Hemingway is born

1963 – President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas, and Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president

1963 – Irish author and poet, C.S. Lewis dies

1963 – English author, Aldous Huxley dies

1964 – Nearly 40,000 people come pay tribute to John F. Kennedy at Arlington Cemetery on the first anniversary of his death

1967 – General William Westmoreland, commander of the US Military Assistance Command of Vietnam, claims victory at Dak To

1967 – German tennis player, Boris Becker is born

1972 – The first B-52 is shot down by a North Vietnamese surface-to-air missile near Vinh

1973 – Great Britain announces a plan for moderate Protestants and Catholics to share power in Northern Ireland

1980 – Eighteen Communist Party secretaries in 49 provinces are ousted from Poland

1982 – President Ronald Reagan calls for defense-pact deployment of the MX missile

1984 – Actress and model, Scarlett Johansson is born

1986 – 20-year old Mike Tyson knocks out Trevor Berbick becoming the youngest heavyweight champion in boxing history

1986 – South African sprinter, Oscar Pistorius is born

1986 – The Justice Department finds a memo in Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North’s office on the transfer of $12 million to the Contras of Nicaragua from Iranian arms sale

1988 – The first prototype of B-2 Spirit strategic stealth bomber is unveiled to the public

1989 – Lebanese President Rene Moawad is killed when a bomb explodes near his motorcade in West Beirut

1990 – Britain’s Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher resigns

1995 – The first feature-length film created entirely by computer imagery, Toy Story, premieres

2004 – The Orange Revolution, protesting a primary election that is believed to have been rigged, begins in the Ukraine

2005 – Angela Merkel becomes the first woman ever to become Chancellor of Germany

2008 – Hamas and Israel begin a ceasefire following eight days of violence and 150 deaths

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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