This Day in History - October 8

October 8

876 – Charles the Bald is defeated at the Battle of Andernach

1690 – The Turks take Belgrade

1778 – During the Revolutionary War, a group of Continental Army soldiers launched an evening attack on Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant’s deserted home village of Unadilla on the Susquehanna River in what is now Otsego County, New York, setting fire to everything

1793 – 1st Governor of Massachusetts, John Hancock, dies

1810 – California gold discoverer, James Wilson Marshall, is born

1840 – King William I of Holland abdicates the throne

1855 – The Second Chinese War is begun when Chinese board and arrest the crew of the Arrow, a British ship

1862 – During the Civil War, the Union is victorious at the Battle of Perryville, the largest Civil War combat to take place in Kentucky

1869 – Winner of the first American “horseless carriage” race, Frank Duryea, is born

1869 – President Franklin Pierce dies in New Hampshire

1871 – The Great Chicago Fire begins, which will burn for more than 24 hours and will level three and a half square miles- one-third of the city, killing nearly 250 people, and destroying 17,450 buildings leaving 98,500 people homeless

1890 – US fighter pilot in World War I, Eddie Rickenbacker is born

1895 – Argentinean dictator Juan Peron is born

1897 – Journalist for the Wall Street Journal, Charles Henry Dow, begins charting trends of stocks and bonds

1900 – Maximilian Harden is sentenced to six months in prison for publishing an article critical of the German Kaiser

1906 – Karl Ludwig Nessler demonstrates a machine in London that puts permanent waves in hair via a dozen brass curlers for six hours

1912 – The First Balkan War begins as Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire

1917 – British biochemist and Nobel Prize winner, Rodney Porter, is born

1918 – US Army corporal Alvin C. York kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132 in the Argonne Forest; promoted to sergeant and awarded US Medal of Honor and French Croix de Guerre during World War I

1919 – The US Senate and House of Representatives pass the Volstead Prohibition Enforcement Bill

1919 – The first transcontinental air race takes place

1921 – The first live radio broadcast of a football game takes place at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh as the University of Pittsburgh bests West Virginia University

1922 – Lilian Gatlin becomes the first woman pilot to fly across the US

1926 – Molecular biologist, Cesar Milstein, is born

1932 – Indian Air Force is established

1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh’s baby

1936 – Gossip columnist, Rona Barrett, is born

1936 – Indian author, Premchand, dies

1939 – Comedian and Golden Globe-winning actor, Paul Hogan, is born

1939 – American author, Harvey Pekar, is born

1939 – US attorney convicted of conspiracy and providing material support to terrorists and perjury, Lynne Stewart is born

1939 – Nazi Germany annexes Western Poland

1941 – Civil rights leader, Jesse Jackson, is born

1941 – The German invasion of the Soviet Union makes headway by capturing Mariupol. The Axis power reached the Sea of Azov during World War II

1943 – Actor and comedian, Chevy Chase, is born

1943 – Author-screenwriter and producer, R.L. Stine, is born

1948 – Musician, songwriter and founding member of The Ramones, Johnny Ramone, is born

1949 – Actress, Sigourney Weaver, is born

1952 – Director, Edward Zwick, is born

1956 – Don Larsen of the New York Yankees pitches the first perfect game in World Series history against the Brooklyn Dodgers

1957 – Jerry Lee Lewis records “Great Balls of Fire” in Memphis, Tennessee

1959 – Motorcycle speedway rider, Erik Gundersen, is born

1965 – Musician and part-time vocalist of The Ramones, C.J. Ramone, is born

1967 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara is captured in Bolivia by Bolivian troops and will be executed the following day

1967 – Prime Minister of the UK, Clement Attlee, dies

1968 – Operation SEALORDS is launched by US forces to attack a communist supply line and base areas in and around the Mekong Delta during the Vietnam War

1969 – The “Days of Rage” begin in Chicago; the Weathermen faction of the Students for a Democratic Society initiated 3 days of violent antiwar protests

1970 – Actor, screenwriter, producer who won an Academy Award and Golden Globe, Matt Damon, is born

1970 – During the Vietnam War, Vietnam War, the Communist delegation in Paris rejects President Richard Nixon’s peace proposal as “a maneuver to deceive world opinion.” Nixon had announced five-point proposal to end the war the prior day, based on a “standstill” cease-fire in place in South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and eventual removal of US troops

1970 – The best-known living Russian writer, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, wins the Nobel Prize for literature

1973 – In the Yom Kippur War an Israeli armored brigade makes an unsuccessful attack on Egyptian positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal

1978 – Ken Warby of Australia sets the world water speed record, 317.60 mph, at Blowering Dam in Australia. No other human has yet exceeded 300 mph on water and survived

1982 – The musical Cats begins a run of nearly 18 years on Broadway

1985 – American actor, singer, songwriter, and producer, Bruno Mars, is born

1991 – Croatia votes to sever ties with Yugoslavia

1992 – 4th Chancellor of Germany and Nobel Prize laureate, Willy Brandt, dies

1998 – The U.S. House of Representatives votes to proceed toward impeaching President Bill Clinton on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice

2001 – US President George W. Bush establishes the Office of Homeland Security

2004 – Martha Stewart begins her prison sentence at Alderson Federal Prison Camp

2005 – A 7.6-magnitude earthquake strikes the Kashmir border region between India and Pakistan. An estimated 70,000 people, with almost half of them children, were killed and 70,000 more were injured. More than 3 million were left homeless and without supplies

2009 – Two people die and more than a dozen others are hospitalized following a sweat lodge ceremony (fashioned after a Native American custom intended to purify the body and spirit) at a retreat run by motivational speaker and author James Arthur Ray near Sedona, Arizona, where Ray encouraged people to stay inside a wood structure covered with tarpaulins and blankets, while water was poured over heated rocks to create steam. The people had been asked to fast for 36 hours priors and they developed breathing troubles and became disoriented, yet Ray urged them to remain inside as a personal challenge. A third participant in the ceremony died nine days later and Ray was charged with negligent homicide

2014 – Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with a case of the Ebola Virus in the U.S., dies at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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