This Day in History - October 23

October 23

42 – Marcus Junius Brutus, a leading conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar, commits suicide after his defeat at the second battle of Philippi

1641 – Catholics under Phelim O’Neil rise against the Protestants and massacred men, women, and children to the number of 40,000 and some say 100,000

1694 – American colonial forces led by Sir William Phips fail in their attempt to seize Quebec

1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain meets

1750 – Inventor of canning, Nicolas Appert, is born

1777 – A British Royal Navy fleet of ships, trying to open up supply lines along the Delaware River and the occupying British army in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War, is hit by American cannon fire and artillery from Pennsylvania

1783 – Slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War are emancipated in Virginia

1805 – Lexicographer, John Bartlett, is born

1813 – The Americans operating the Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon, turn the post over to their rivals in the British North West Company

1844 – French actress, Sarah Bernhardt, is born

1855 – In opposition to the fraudulently elected pro-slavery legislature of Kansas, the Kansas Free State forces set up a governor and legislature under their Topeka Constitution, a document that outlaws slavery in the territory

1861 – President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C. for all military-related cases

1864 – Confederate General Sterling Price’s raid on Missouri suffers a close call when his army is sandwiched between two Union forces at Westport, Missouri, near Kansas City. Although outnumbered, Price’s forces managed to slip safely away after the Battle of Westport during the Civil War

1869 – American college football coach for whom the Heisman Trophy is named, John Heisman, is born

1890 – Benjamin Harrison issues a decree that extends the northern boundary of Nebraska into the Dakota Territory and declares that all Indian claims to Nebraska territory have been officially “extinguished”

1915 – English cricket player, WG Grace, dies

1918 – The Germans have agreed to suspend submarine warfare, cease inhumane practices such as the use of poison gas, and withdraw troops back into Germany during World War I

1921 – Scottish businessman, John Boyd Dunlop, dies

1925 – American television personality, Johnny Carson, is born

1929 – The first transcontinental air service begins from New York to Los Angeles

1940 – Legendary Brazilian soccer player who scored 1,281 goals in 22 years, Pele, is born

1941 – Chief of the Soviet general staff, Georgi K. Zhukov, assumes command of Red Army operations to stop the German advance into Moscow during World War II

1942 – Writer, Michael Crichton, is born

1942 – The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia

1950 – Lithuanian and American actor and singer, Al Jolson, dies

1951 – First President of the Republic of Kosovo, Fatmir Sejdiu, is born

1952 – The Nobel Prize in Medicine is awarded to Ukranian-born microbiologist Selman A. Waksman for his discovery of an effective treatment of tuberculosis

1953 – Turkish historian and sociologist, Altug Taner Akcam, is born

1954 – Taiwanese-born American film director, Ang Lee, is born

1954 – In Paris, an agreement is signed providing for West German sovereignty and permitting West Germany to rearm and enter NATO and the Western European Union

1956 – Thousands of Hungarians protest against the Soviet presence in their nation and are met with armed resistance that leads to hundreds of Hungarian deaths in small, erupting battles over the next few days

1957 – 6th President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, is born

1957 – French fashion designer, Christian Dior, dies

1959 – Singer, songwriter, and satirist, Alfred “Weird Al” Yankovic, is born

1962 – Collegiate and pro football quarterback, Doug Flutie, is born

1965 – Following the scuffle at the Plei Me Special Forces camp 30 miles southwest of Pleiku earlier in the month, the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) launches Operation Silver Bayonet during the Vietnam War

1973 – A U.N. sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria

1983 – A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Muslim terrorist, crashes into the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. The bomb kills 237 Marines and injures 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurs at French military headquarters, where 58 die and 15 are injured

1989 – The Hungarian Republic replaces the communist Hungarian People’s Republic

1989 – 23 people die in a series of explosions sparked by an ethylene leak at Phillips Petroleum Company factory in Pasadena, Texas

1991 – Firstborn granddaughter of Japanese Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, Princess Mako of Akishino, is born

1993 – Toronto Blue Jay Joe Carter wins the World Series for his team by smacking a ninth-inning home run over the left-field wall

1998 – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement

1998 – Doctor Barnett Slepian is shot and killed in his home in Amherst, New York, by an anti-abortion radical, marking the fifth straight year that a doctor who was willing to perform abortions in upstate New York and Canada had been the victim of a sniper attack

2000 – American wrestler, Yokozuna, dies

2002 – Chechen terrorists take 700 hostages at the House of Culture theater in Moscow

2004 – An earthquake in Japan kills 35, injures 2,200, and leaves 85,000 homeless

2011 – Libyan National Transition Council declares the Libyan civil war is over

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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