This Day in History - March 3

March 3

1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats the Bengali Army at the Battle of Tukaroi

1703 – Scientist Robert Hooke dies

1706 – Composer Johann Pachelbel dies

1707 – Mughal emperor Aurangzeb dies

1776 – Connecticut delegate to the Continental Congress, Silas Deane, leaves for France on a secret mission to meet with French Foreign Minister Charles Gravier, to stress America’s need for military stores

1791 – Congress passes a resolution authorizing the US Mint

1803 – The first impeachment trial of a US Judge, John Pickering, begins

1817 – The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans is opened

1820 – Congress passes the Missouri Compromise, a bill that temporarily resolves the first serious political clash between slavery and antislavery interests

1831 – Inventor George Pullman is born

1845 – German mathematician Georg Cantor is born

1845 – Florida becomes the 27th US state

1845 – Congress overrides a presidential veto for the first time-against President John Tyler’s attempt to appropriate federal funds to build revenue-cutter ships without Congressional approval

1847 – Inventor Alexander Graham Bell is born

1857 – Britain and France declare war on China

1861 – The Russian serfs are emancipated by Alexander II as part of a westernization program

1863 – President Abraham Lincoln signs the conscription act, compelling US citizens to report for duty in the Civil War or pay $300

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill creating the Bureau of Refugees to oversee the transition of African Americans from slavery to freedom

1869 – English conductor Henry Wood is born

1873 – President of the American Federation of Labor, William Green, is born

1873 – Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send an “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” book through the mail

1875 – The first indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal

1877 – Rutherford B Hayes, republican governor of Ohio, is elected president by an electoral commission

1878 – Russia and the Ottomans sign the Treaty of San Stefano, giving Serbia independence

1879 – Congress establishes the US Geological Survey

1887 – Anne Sullivan begins teaching six-year-old Helen Keller

1895 – US Army leader in World War II and Korea, Matthew Ridgway, is born

1905 – The Russian Czar agrees to create an elected assembly

1911 – Actress Jean Harlow is born

1915 – Director DW Griffith’s “The Birth of a Nation” opens in New York City

1916 – Broadway producer Robert Whitehead is born

1918 – Nobel Prize-winning Arthur Kornberg is born

1918 – The Soviets and Germany sign a peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk, depriving Soviets of White Russia

1919 – Boeing flies the first US international airmail from Vancouver, British Columbia to Seattle

1920 – Cartoonist Robert Searle is born

1924 – The end of the Islamic caliphate marks the demise of the 600-year old Ottoman empire in Turkey

1926 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet James Merrill is born

1927 – Crime writer Nicolas Freeling is born

1931 – President Herbert Hoover signs a bill that makes Francis Scott Key’s “Star Spangled Banner” the national anthem

1938 – The Mallard, the world’s fastest steam locomotive is built

1939 – In Bombay, Gandhi begins a fast to protest the state’s autocratic rule

1940 – A Nazi air raid kills 108 on a British liner in the English Channel

1941 – Moscow denounces the Axis rule in Bulgaria

1942 – The RAF raids the industrial suburbs of Paris

1943 – Australian and American Air Forces devastate the Japanese Navy in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea

1945 – Finland declares war on the Axis

1952 – The US Supreme Court upholds New York’s Feinberg Law banning Communist teachers in the US

1965 – Over 30 US Air Force jets bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan testifies in a court in Los Angeles that he killed Robert Kennedy

1973 – Japan discloses its first defense plan since World War II

1974 – A DC-10 jet crashes into a forest outside of Paris, France, killing 346 people

1977 – Irish singer, songwriter and actor Ronan Keating is born

1981 – South African politician Julius Malema is born

1983 – Belgian illustrator Herge dies

1985 – The UK miner’s strike ends

1987 – Actor Danny Kaye dies

1991 – Robbery parolee Rodney King stops his car after a lengthy pursuit in Los Angeles and is beaten by police officers-events caught on tape by a citizen and sold to news stations. This sparked a trial in which the officers were found not guilty, protests and riots that had to be stopped with federal officers and the military, and a new trial that finally resulted in two of the officers receiving two and half years and a $3.8 million civil suit against LA PD

1999 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky appears on television to discuss her affair with President Bill Clinton

2000 – Former dictator Augusto Pinochet is returned to Chile after being detained by the British on torture charges

2003 – New embassies opened in Kenya and Tanzania

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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