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This Day in History - August 29

August 29

    70 – The Temple of Jerusalem burns after a nine-month Roman siege

1526 – At the Battle of Mohacs, the Hungarian army under Lewis II is crushed by Ottoman Suleiman the Magnificent

1533 – Inca chief Atahualpa is executed by orders of Francisco Pizarro in Peru, despite the chief already paying his ransom

1632 – Philosopher of liberalism whose ideas influenced American founding fathers, John Locke, is born

1776 – General George Washington retreats during nightfall from Long Island to New York City during American Revolution

1779 – Continental forces led by Major General John Sullivan and Brigadier General James Clinton defeat both Loyalists and Indians in modern-day Elmira, New York during the American Revolution

1786 – An insurrection of Massachusetts farmers against the state government known as Shays’ Rebellion began

1793 – Santo Domingo abolishes slavery

1809 – Poet, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., is born

1842 – The Opium Wars is ended with the signing of the Treaty of Nanking and ceding the island of Hong Kong to Britain

1862 – During the Second Battle of Bull Run in the Civil War, Union General John Pope’s army is defeated by a smaller Confederate force

1876 – The inventor of the electric self-starter for automobiles, Charles F. Kettering, is born

1877 – American religious leader, Brigham Young, dies in Utah

1882 – England is defeated by Australia in cricket for the first time. The next day an obituary appears in Sporting Times addressed to the British team

1898 – Screenwriter, director, and playwright, Preston Sturges, is born

1911 – The last surviving Stone Age Indian in the US, Ishi, is discovered in California and housed at the Berkley Museum for his own protection

1914 – The Women’s Defense Relief Corps is formed in Britain during World War I

1915 – Oscar-winning actress, Ingrid Bergman, is born

1920 – Self-taught jazz saxophonist, Charlie “Bird” Parker, is born

1923 – Actor, Richard Attenborough, is born

1924 – Singer, Dinah Washington, is born

1927 – Gospel singer, Marion Williams, is born

1931 – Quebec politician and writer, Lise Payette, is born

1933 – First Lady of Egypt, widow of Anwar Sadat, Jehan Sadat, is born

1935 – Director, producer, and writer, William Friedkin, is born

1936 – Republican US presidential nominee, John McCain, is born

1938 – Actor, Elliott Gould, is born

1940 – Press secretary who was severely wounded in the attempt to assassinate President Ronald Reagan, James Brady, is born

1941 – TV host, Robin Leach, is born

1942 – The American Red Cross makes an announcement that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships carrying supplies for American POWs

1943 – Vocalist, Richard Halligan, is born

1945 – The occupation of Japan begins with US airborne troops landing in transport planes at Atsugi airfield near Tokyo during World War II

1945 – President Harry Truman orders the Secretary of the Navy to seize control over petroleum refineries and transportation companies to counteract strikes by oil workers

1949 – “First Lightning,” the USSR’s first atomic bomb is exploded

1950 – International Olympic Committee votes to allow West Germany and Japan compete in the 1952 games

1950 – The beginning of government tied media propaganda is born during the Cold War, in part due to a speech by Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs Edward W. Barrett, calling for an aggressive propaganda attack in retaliation against the Soviets for the same offense

1952 – During the Korean War, 1,403 Far East Air Force bomb Pyongyang, North Korea, in the largest bombing raid of the war

1952 – Newbery Medal-winning children’s author, Karen Hesse, is born

1957 – US Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957 after Democrat Senator Strom Thurmond ends his 24-hour filibuster against the bill, the longest in Senate history

1958 – Pop singer and entertainer, Michael Jackson, is born

1960 – Surface-to-air or SAM missile launch pads in Cuba are detected by US U-2 spy planes

1960 – The storm that would become Hurricane Donna is formed near Cape Verde off the African coast. It would go on to cause 150 deaths from Puerto Rico to New England

1962 – In an effort to ease Cold War tensions, Robert Frost is sent to the Soviet Union on this day as part of a goodwill tour

1964 – President of South Vietnam, Nguyen Khanh steps down during the Vietnam War

1964 – Babe Ruth’s career strikeout record is tied by Mickey Mantle

1965 – Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper Jr. and Charles “Pete” Conrad Jr. complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5 – the first time the US set an international duration record for a manned space mission

1966 – Egyptian theorist, author, and poet, Sayyid Qutb, dies

1966 – The Beatles perform their last public concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco

1972 – US President Nixon announces a troop reduction in Vietnam by 12,000, the lowest since 1965

1975 – The most well-known and active Irish political figure of the 20th century, Eamon de Valera dies

1976 – Indian poet and flute player, Kazi Nazrul Islam, dies

1977 – Ty Cobb’s 49-year old career stolen base record is broken by Lou Brock with 893

1982 – Actress Ingrid Bergman dies on her birthday

1986 – A mutual defense pact is signed between Morocco’s King Hassan II and Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi

1987 – “La Bamba” hits the top spot on the charts for Los Lobos

1991 – In the wake of a failed coup, USSR’s parliament suspends Communist Party activities

1992 – Thousands of Germans protest against racist attacks aimed at immigrants

1995 – Operation Deliberate Force is launched against Bosnian Serb forces by NATO

2003 – Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, called for Iraqi unity in Najaf right before a terrorist bomb explodes, killing the Ayatollah and nearly 100 worshipers

2004 – Brazilian distance runner Vanderlei de Lima is shoved by an Irish spectator seeking attention while running the marathon, the final event of the Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. Even though de Lima continued the race, he lost out on both gold and silver, despite the fact that he had previously been in the lead

2005 – Severe flooding occurs in New Orleans when a levee breaks at the Industrial Canal caused from rains from Hurricane Katrina which makes landfall as a Category 4 hurricane

2007 – Richard Jewell, the hero security guard that saved lives at Centennial Olympic Park in 1996 when he discovered a pipe bomb and moved people out of the way, only later to be wrongfully scrutinized as a suspect in the bombing, dies

2012 – The Egyptian Army launches Operation Eagle, resulting in the deaths of 11 suspected terrorists and 23 arrests

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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