This Day in History - June 30

June 30

1520 – Montezuma II is murdered as Spanish conquistadors flee the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan during the night

1685 – Poet and playwright, John Gay, is born

1768 – Wife of President James Monroe, Elizabeth Kortright, is born

1775 – The Continental Congress drafts its rationale for taking up arms against Great Britain in the Articles of War

1812 – President James Madison delivers a special message calling for emergency commissions for new military officers 12 days after declaring war on Britain

1857 – Charles Dickens reads from A Christmas Carol at St. Martin’s Hall in London-his first public reading

1859 – Jean Francois Gravelet aka Emile Blondin, a French daredevil, becomes the first man to walk across Niagara Falls on a tightrope

1876 – The wounded soldiers from the Battle of the Little Big Horn reach the steamboat Far West, to evacuate

1900 – Four German boats burn at the docks in Hoboken, New Jersey, killing over 300

1908 – A mysterious explosion, possibly the result of a meteorite, levels thousands of trees in the Tunguska region of Siberia with a force approaching twenty megatons

1911 – Polish poet and critic, Czeslaw Milosz, is born

1917 – American singer, Lena Horne, is born

1919 – Actress, Susan Hayward, is born

1926 – Nobel Prize-winning biochemist, Paul Berg, is born

1932 – Novelist, Mongo Beti, is born

1934 – Adolf Hitler orders the purge of his own party in the “Night of the Long Knives”

1934 – 23rd Chancellor of Germany, Kurt von Schleicher dies

1936 – Margaret Mitchell’s novel, Gone With the Wind, is published

1943 – General Douglas MacArthur launches Operation Cartwheel, a multi-pronged assault on Rabaul and several islands in the Solomon Sea in the South Pacific

1948 – John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley demonstrate their invention, the transistor, for the first time

1950 – President Harry Truman orders US forces to Korea

1953 – The first production Corvette is built at the GM facility in Flint, Michigan

1960 – Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Psycho, opens

1962 – Sandy Koufax strikes out 13 batters and walks five to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers to victory over the New York Mets 5-0 with his first career no-hitter

1966 – American boxer and actor, Mike Tyson, is born

1967 – The South Vietnamese Armed Forces Council resolves rival claims to the presidency in favor of Nguyen Van Thieu

1970 – The Senate votes in favor of adopting the Cooper-Church amendment to limit presidential power in Cambodia during Vietnam

1971 – Three Soviet cosmonauts die when their spacecraft depressurizes during reentry

1974 – American engineer, Vannevar Bush, dies

1975 – Singer Cher marries Gregg Allman, less than one week after her divorce from Sonny Bono, although she will file for divorce from him just nine days later

1975 – German race car driver, Ralf Schumacher, is born

1981 – Glen Godwin is convicted of murdering Kim LeValley, a drug dealer, by stabbing him 28 times and blowing up his body with homemade explosives.  He was sentenced to 26-years-to-life in prison.  Godwin escaped from Folsom Prison and then headed to Mexico, where he was arrested for drugs and weapons charges, and where he managed to escape again, after murdering a fellow inmate in an attempt to avoid extradition.  He appeared on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted List and still remains at large

1983 – English singer, songwriter, dancer, and model, Cheryl Cole, is born

1984 – American playwright, Lillian Hellman, dies

1985 – American swimmer, Michael Phelps, is born

1985 – American actor and wrestler, Cody Rhodes, is born

2001 – American musician, Chet Atkins, dies

2003 – Children’s author and illustrator, Robert McCloskey, dies

2012 – 7th Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Shamir, dies

2013 – Nineteen firefighters die while battling a wildfire near Yarnell, Arizona

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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