This Day in History - June 5

June 5

1099 – Members of the First Crusade witness an eclipse of the moon and interpret it as a sign they will recapture Jerusalem

1568 – Ferdinand, the Duke of Alba, crushes the Calvinist insurrection in Ghent

1595 – Henry IV’s army defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Fontaine-Francaise

1637 – American settlers in New England massacred a Pequot Indian village

1660 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, is born

1723 – Scottish philosopher and economist, Adam Smith, is baptized in Kirkcaldy

1783 – Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make the first public balloon flight

1794 – The US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in any foreign armed forces

1827 – Athens falls to Ottoman forces

1851 – Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the first installment of Uncle Tom’s Cabin in The National Era

1856 – US Army troops in the Four Creeks region of California, head back to quarters, officially ending the Tule River War, even though fighting will continue for years to come

1863 – The Confederate raider CSS Alabama captures the Talisman in the Mid-Atlantic

1864 – Union forces rout a Confederate force, giving the North their first real success in the 1864 Shenandoah Campaign, at the Battle of Piedmont, Virginia

1872 – The Republican National Convention, the first major political party convention to include blacks, commences

1878 – Mexican revolutionary and guerrilla leader, Francisco “Pancho” Villa, is born

1880 – Wild woman of the West, Myra Maybelle Shirley, marries Sam Starr even though records show she was already married to Bruce Younger

1883 – Economist, John Maynard Keynes, is born

1883 – The first Orient Express leaves Paris headed for Istanbul

1884 – British author Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett is born

1888 – President Grover Cleveland vetoes a bill that would have given a pension to war widow Johanna Loewinger, whose husband died 14 years after being discharged from the army. Loewinger claimed her husband’s death, a suicide, stemmed from insanity caused by his military service

1898 – Spanish poet, Federico Garcia Lorca, is born

1900 – British troops under Lord Roberts seize Pretoria from the Boers

1900 – American journalist, author, and poet, Stephen Crane, dies

1915 – Critic and editor, Alfred Kazin, is born

1916 – The British cruiser Hampshire strikes a German mine and sinks off the Orkney Islands, killing Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, the British secretary of state for war

1919 – Children’s author and illustrator Richard Scarry is born

1922 – George W. Carmack, the first person to discover gold along the Klondike River, dies

1926 – Poet and novelist David Wagoner is born

1932 – Irish novelist and poet Christy Brown is born

1933 – The US went off the gold standard when Congress enacted a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold

1939 – English novelist Margaret Drabble is born

1940 – The German army begins its offensive in Southern France

1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt issues a stern statement warning Japan to stop using poison gas in its war with China

1944 – The first B-29 bombing raid strikes the Japanese rail line in Bangkok, Thailand

1944 – More than 1,000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries placed at the Normandy assault area, while 3,000 Allied ships cross the English Channel in preparation for the invasion of Normandy, aka D-Day

1947 – Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlines “The Marshall Plan, “ a program intended to assist European nations, including former enemies, to rebuild their economies

1947 – British playwright and director David Hare is born

1949 – Novelist Ken Follett is born

1956 – Premier Nikita Khrushchev denounces Josef Stalin to the Soviet Communist Party Congress

1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Milton Berle Show to give his famous performance of “Hound Dog”

1963 – British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns his post following revelations that he had lied to the House of Commons about his sexual affair with Christine Keeler, an alleged prostitute. At the same time, Keeler was also involved with Yevgeny “Eugene” Ivanov, a Soviet naval attaché who was suspected of being a spy

1967 – The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan begins

1968 – Senator Robert Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles after winning the California presidential primary. His attacker was Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy died a day later

1972 – Testifying before a joint Congressional Appropriations Committee, Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird says the increase in US military activity in Vietnam could double the annual cost of the war

1973 – Doris A. Davis becomes the first black woman to govern a city in a major metropolitan area when she is elected mayor of Compton, California

1975 – Estonian chess player, Paul Keres, dies

1976 – English actor and comedian, Ross Noble, is born

1981 – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describe a rare form of pneumonia, that will later be known as AIDS

1993 – Julie Krone wins the Belmont Stakes with the 13-1 shot Colonial Affair, becoming the first female jockey ever to win a Triple Crown race

1998 – 3,400 members of the United Auto Workers union walk out on their jobs at GM in Flint, Michigan, beginning a strike that would last seven weeks

2004 – Former US President, Ronald Regan, dies

2004 – Pop star and actress Jennifer Lopez marries her third husband, singer Marc Anthony in Los Angeles

2012 – Bestselling science fiction author, Ray Bradbury, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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