This Day in History - November 1

November 1

79 – Mt. Vesuvius erupts, burying the city of Pompeii

1500 – Italian goldsmith and sculptor, Benvenuto Cellini, is born

1512 – Michelangelo’s painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling is exhibited for the first time

1582 – Maurice of Nassau, the son of William of Orange, becomes the governor of Holland, Zeeland, and Utrecht

1636 – French poet and historian, Nicholas Boileau, is born

1678 – 1st Governor of Rhode Island, William Coddington, dies

1755 – A great earthquake at Lisbon, Portugal, kills over 50,000 people

1762 – The only British prime minister to be assassinated, Spencer Perceval, is born

1765 – The Stamp Act goes into effect in the British colonies

1798 – Irish brewer, Benjamin Lee Guinness, is born

1800 – President John Adams, in the last year of his only term as president, moved into the newly constructed President’s House, the original name for what is known today as the White House

1818 – Architect, James Renwick, is born

1828 – Scottish physicist, Balfour Steward, is born

1861 – Lieutenant General Winfield Scott retires from the US Army and General George McClellan is appointed general-in-chief of the Union armies

1864 – Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine is born

1866 – Myra Maybelle Shirley aka Belle Starr marries James C. Reed in Texas

1869 – Louis Riel seizes Fort Garry, Winnipeg, during the Red River Rebellion

1871 – Poet and novelist, Stephen Crane, is born

1880 – Polish-born American novelist, Sholem Asch, is born

1880 – American sportswriter, Grantland Rice, is born

1902 – Norwegian writer and World War II hero, Nordahl Brun Grieg, is born

1911 – Italian planes perform the first aerial bombing on Tanguita oasis in Libya

1914 – A German naval squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee sinks two British armored cruisers with all aboard off the southern coast of Chile on November 1, 1914, in the Battle of Coronel during World War I

1923 – Goodyear buys the rights to manufacture Zeppelin dirigibles

1923 – Spanish opera singer, Victoria de Los Angeles, is born

1924 – A drunken man kills legendary Oklahoma marshal Bill Tilghman in Cromwell

1930 – American playwright, A.R. Gurney, is born

1935 – Professional golfer from South Africa, Gary Player, is born

1935 – Palestinian and American theoretician, Edward Said, is born

1936 – Benito Mussolini announces the Rome-Berlin axis after Count Ciano’s visit to Germany

1936 – The Rodeo Cowboy’s Association is founded

1937 – Country singer and songwriter, Bill Anderson, is born

1941 – President Roosevelt announces that the U.S. Coast Guard will now be under the direction of the U.S. Navy, a transition of authority usually reserved only for wartime

1942 – Canadian politician, Ralph Klein, is born

1943 – American troops invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands

1944 – Singer, songwriter, humorist, and author, Richard “Kinky” Friedman, is born

1945 – John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Ebony magazine

1946 – Journalist, Lynn Russell, is born

1950 – Founder of Lotus Software, Mitch Kapor, is born

1950 – Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement attempt to assassinate Truman

1951 – Algerian National Liberation Front begins guerrilla warfare against the French

1952 – The US detonates the first thermonuclear weapon, the hydrogen bomb, on Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific

1958 – Screenwriter, director, and producer, Charlie Kaufman, is born

1959 – Montreal Canadien Jacques Plante becomes the first NHL goaltender to wear a full facemask

1960 – Business executive and current CEO of Apple, inc., Tim Cook, is born

1964 – Bestselling author Karen Marie Moning is born

1968 – The U.S. mission in Saigon initiates two operations designed to bolster rural security and development efforts during the Vietnam War

1987 – Singer/ songwriter, Tina Arena, is born

1967 – The first issue of Rolling Stone is sold

1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America officially introduces its rating system to indicate age-appropriateness of film content

1972 – American model, actress, and author, Jenny McCarthy, is born

1972 – American poet, Ezra Pound, dies

1973 – Leon Jaworski is appointed as new Watergate Special Prosecutor

1981 – Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom

1981 – Singer/ songwriter, LaTavia Roberson, is born

1982 – Honda opens a plant in Marysville, Ohio, becoming the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the US

1993 – The Maastricht Treaty comes into effect, formally establishing the European Union (EU)

1999 – American football player, Walter Payton, dies

2000 – Serbia joins the United Nations

2012 – Spanish philosopher and poet, Agustin Garcia Calvo, dies

2015 – American actor and politician, Fred Thompson, dies


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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