This Day in History - September 27

September 27

1540 – A religious order under Ignatius Loyola named the Society of Jesus, is approved by the Pope and will later succeed in converting millions around the world to Catholicism

1669 – After a 21-year siege, the island of Crete in the Mediterranean falls to the Ottoman Turks

1722 – American revolutionary patriot and statesman that helped organize the Boston Tea Party, Samuel Adams is born

1779 – The Continental Congress appoints John Adams to negotiate treaties of peace and commerce with Great Britain in France during the Revolutionary War

1779 – During the Revolutionary War, former president of Continental Congress, John Jay, is appointed minister to Spain

1791 – Jews in France are granted French citizenship

1840 – Navy admiral and author Alfred T. Mahan is born

1840 – Caricaturist and creator of the Democratic donkey and Republican elephant, Thomas Nast is born

1854 – Sudden, heavy fog causes the Arctic luxury ship and the steamer Vesta to collide, killing 322 people off of the coast of Newfoundland

1862 – Commander-in-chief of the Boer Army against the British and first president of South Africa, Louis Botha is born

1864 – Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson and his henchmen, including a teenage Jesse James, massacre 20 unarmed Union soldiers at Centralia, Missouri which will later be known as the Centralia Massacre during the Civil War

1869 – Wild Bill Hickok, the sheriff of Hays City, Kansas, shoots down Samuel Strawhim, a drunken teamster causing trouble in the Old West

1898 – Songwriter best known for musical scores Vincent Youmans is born

1915 – Second Lieutenant John Kipling of the British army, the only son of Nobel prize-winning author Rudyard Kipling, is killed at the Battle of Loos in France during World War I

1916 – War is declared on Bulgaria by Constance of Greece during World War I

1917 – Novelist Louis Auchincloss is born

1918 – President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I

1920 – Eight Chicago White Sox players are charged with fixing the 1919 World Series

1924 – Jazz pianist Bud Powell is born

1927 – Trumpeter Red Rodney is born

1930 – Golfer Bobby Jones wins his fourth major tournament of the year, making him the first person ever to win the “Grand Slam” of golf

1938 – President Franklin Roosevelt writes to German Chancellor Adolf Hitler regarding the threat of war in Europe, appealing for peace, but ultimately his pleas were ignored and Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia the following year

1939 – Germany occupies Warsaw as Poland falls to Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II

1940 – During World War II, the Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin

1942 – Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific during World War II

1944 – Thousands of British troops are killed as German forces rebuff their effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland during World War II

1945 – Artist and art professor Stephanie Pogue is born

1947 – Singer, songwriter and actor Meat Loaf is born

1948 – Northern Ireland loyalist, commander of Ulster Volunteer Force allegedly responsible for a large number of deaths, Robin “The Jackal” Jackson is born

1950 – US Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea during Korean War

1956 – The US Air Force Bell X-2, the world’s fastest and highest-flying plane, crashes killing the test pilot

1958 – Singer, actor, screenwriter and producer Shaun Cassidy is born

1959 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev ends his dramatic visit to the US

1959 – Typhoon Vera beats up the Japanese island of Honshu, killing almost 5,000 people

1960 – British suffragette and international socialist, Sylvia Pankhurst, dies

1964 – The Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, issues its report, stating its conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole gunman

1965 – Lawyer, politician and last leader of Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Peter Mackay is born

1967 – An advertisement is published in the New Republic and the New York Review of Books, asking for funds to help youths resist the draft during the Vietnam War

1979 – US Congress approves Department of Education

1983 – Sukhumi massacre takes place when Abkhaz separatist forces and their allies commit widespread atrocities against the civilian population in the USSR state of Georgia

1989 – Zsa Zsa Gabor storms out the courtroom where she was being tried for slapping a police officer during a traffic stop, in which she had been pulled over for having expired tags on her Rolls Royce. During the trial, Gabor violated a court-imposed gag order by calling prosecution witness Amir Eslaminia, “a little punk with a hairdo like a girl.” Then, trying to make amends with the witness, she told him that she spoke Turkish, to which he replied, “So? I’m from Iran.” Gabor replied, “Well, that’s close.” Later that day she was convicted and sentenced to 72 hours in jail, 120 hours of community service and $13,000 in fines and restitution

1996 – The Taliban capture Afghanistan’s capital city of Kabul

1996 – The US Postal Service issues an F. Scott Fitzgerald commemorative stamp

1998 – Mark McGwire hits his record-setting 69th and 70th home run in the last game of the regular season

2003 – European Space Agency launches SMART-1 satellite to orbit the moon

2007 – NASA launches Dawn space probe to explore and study the two largest of the asteroid belt, Vesta, and Ceres

2008 – Zhai Zhigang becomes the first Chinese to walk in space, as part of the Shenzhou 7 crew

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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