This Day in History - March 27

March 27

1350 – Alfonso XI of Castile dies of Black Death

1512 – Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sees Florida

1625 – Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland ascends English throne

1775 – Future President Thomas Jefferson is elected to the second Continental Congress

1785 – Louis XVII, pretender to the throne during the French Revolution, is born

1794 – Congress authorizes the construction of six frigates including the Constitution, aka Old Ironsides, for the US Navy

1802 – The Treaty of Amiens is signed, ending the French Revolutionary War

1809 – Georges-Eugene Haussmann, French town planner that designed modern-day Paris, is born

1813 – Lithographer for Currier and Ives, Nathaniel Currier, is born

1814 – US troops under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend in Northern Alabama

1829 – President Andrew Jackson appoints John Eaton as secretary of war

1836 – The Mexican army massacres 417 Texan rebels at Goliad

1845 – German physicist that accidentally discovered X-rays, Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen is born

1863 – Cofounder of the Rolls-Royce automotive company, Sir Henry Royce is born

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln meets with Union Generals Ulysses Grant and William Sherman to plan the last stages of the Civil War

1866 – President Andrew Johnson vetoes the Civil rights bill, later to become the 14th amendment

1871 – England and Scotland compete in the first international rugby match

1879 – Pioneer of American photography, Edward Steichen is born

1884 – The first long-distance telephone call is made from Boston to New York

1898 – Indian educator and politician Syed Ahmad Khan dies

1899 – The Italian inventor G. Marconi makes the first international radio transmission between England and France

1900 – The London Parliament passes the War Loan Act, giving 35 million pounds to the Boer War cause

1905 – Fingerprint evidence is used to catch Albert Stratton for the murders of shopkeepers Thomas and Ann Farrow in South London

1906 – Jazz clarinetist, Pee Wee Russell is born

1910 – The father of communications satellites, John Robinson Pierce is born

1912 – The first cherry blossom trees are planted in Washington, DC-a gift from Japan

1914 – Journalist, novelist and screenwriter Budd Schulberg is born

1914 – The first successful blood transfusion takes place in Brussels

1917 – The Seattle Metropolitans become the first US hockey team to win the Stanley Cup

1918 – The Balkan republic of Romania annexes Bessarabia

1923 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Louis Simpson is born

1924 – Jazz singer Sarah Vaughan is born

1933 – Some 55,000 people stage a protest against Hitler in New York

1939 – The University of Oregon defeats The Ohio State University 46-33 to win the first-ever NCAA men’s basketball tournament

1941 – Takeo Yoshikawa arrives in Oahu, Hawaii, to begin spying for Japan on the US fleet at Pearl Harbor

1942 – The British raid the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France

1944 – One thousand Jews leave Drancy, France for the Auschwitz concentration camp

1944 – Thousands of Jews are murdered in Lithuania, and the Gestapo shoots forty Jewish policemen in the Riga, Latvia ghetto

1945 – General Dwight Eisenhower declares that the German defenses on the Western Front have been broken

1952 – Elements of the US Eighth Army reach the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas

1952 – Kiichiro Toyoda, founder of Toyota Motor Corporation, dies

1958 – The US announces a plan to explore space near the moon

1958 – Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev replaces Nicolay Bulganin as Soviet premier

1963 – Director, screenwriter, and producer Quentin Tarantino is born

1964 – A 9.2 magnitude earthquake strikes near Anchorage, Alaska, killing 117 people and producing a 50-foot tsunami that traveled over 8,000 miles

1965 – South Vietnamese launch their first major military operation in Cambodia

1966 – Anti-war demonstrations break out in the US, Europe, and Australia, in protest of Vietnam

1968 – Russian astronaut and pilot Yuri Gagarin dies

1970 – Singer, songwriter, actress and producer Mariah Carey is born

1971 – Scottish race car driver David Coulthard is born

1972 – Dutch illustrator MC Escher dies

1973 – Actor Marlon Brando declines the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in The Godfather, as he was protesting Hollywood’s portrayal of Native Americans in films

1976 – Washington, DC opens its subway system

1977 – In aviation’s worst disaster yet, 582 die when two 747 jumbo jets crash into one another on the runway at an airport in the Canary Islands

1979 – Pattie Boyd and Eric Clapton are married

1980 – The oil rig Alexander L. Kjelland collapses in the North Sea due to high winds, and only 89 out of the 212 crew survived the platform’s capsizing

1990 – The US government begins the operation of TV Marti, broadcasting television programs into Cuba in an attempt to undermine the Castro regime with the use of propaganda

1994 – Silvio Berlusconi begins his rise to power in Italy

1998 – Viagra is approved by the FDA

2001 – A federal judge rules that the University of Michigan’s affirmative action policy is invalid, but the ruling will later be reversed on appeal

2002 – Director Billy Wilder dies

2006 – Czech Holocaust survivor Rudolf Vrba dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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