This Day in History - March 2

March 2

1619 – Anne of Denmark dies

1776 – Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston

1781 – Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation

1791 – Long-distance communication is improved with a semaphore machine, which is unveiled in Paris

1793 – President of Texas, later Texas senator and governor, Sam Houston, is born

1797 – The Directory of Great Britain authorizes war vessels to board and seize neutral vessels

1807 – Congress abolishes the African slave trade

1810 – 256th Roman Catholic Pope, Leo XIII, is born

1815 – The US declares war on Algiers, in an effort to end robberies by the Barbary pirates

1829 – Civil War general, political reformer and anti-imperialist, Carl Schurz, is born

1836 – Texas declares independence from Mexico

1853 – The Territory of Washington is organized

1865 – President Abraham Lincoln rejects Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s plea for peace, demanding unconditional surrender

1865 – Union General George Custer’s troops rout Confederate General Jubal Early’s troops during the Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia

1867 – The first Reconstruction Act is passed by Congress

1877 – Rutherford B. Hayes is declared president by one vote

1888 – The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace

1889 – Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Bill, proclaiming unassigned lands in the public domain

1896 – Bone Mizell, cowboy of Florida, is sentenced to two years hard labor in the state pen for rustling cattle

1900 – Composer Kurt Weill is born

1901 – Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting Cuban autonomy as a condition for withdrawal of US troops

1904 – Industrial designer Henry Dreyfuss is born

1904 – Children’s books author, Theodor Seuss Geisel aka Dr. Seuss, is born

1908 – An international conference on arms reduction takes place in London

1908 – Gabriel Lippman introduces the new three-dimensional color photography at the Academy of Sciences

1917 – Congress passes the Jones Act making Puerto Rico a territory of the US and the inhabitants US citizens

1923 – In Italy, Mussolini admits that women have a right to vote, but says the time is not right

1923 – The first issue of Henry Luce’s TIME magazine goes on sale

1923 – Singer and guitarist Doc Watson is born

1929 – The Jones Act is passed by Congress, prohibiting the production, importation, and sale of alcohol

1930 – Novelist DH Lawrence dies of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France

1931 – Secretary General of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev is born

1933 – King Kong premieres in New York City

1942 – Novelist John Irving is born

1943 – The center of Berlin is bombed by the RAF, and 900 tons of bombs are dropped in half an hour

1943 – The US and Australian land-based planes begin an offensive against the Japanese in the Bismarck Sea

1944 – A train that stopped in a tunnel near Salerno, Italy, and 520 passengers suffocate by carbon monoxide and die. The exact reason the train was forced to stop is still unknown

1945 – MacArthur raises the US flag on Corregidor in the Philippines

1946 – Ho Chi Minh is elected president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

1951 – The US Navy launches the K-1, the first submarine designed to hunt enemy submarines

1955 – Claudette Colvin refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Park’s famous arrest for the same

1956 – Morocco declares independence from France

1962 – Philadelphia Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points against the New York Knicks

1962 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist, actor and producer Jon Bon Jovi is born

1965 – More than 150 US and South Vietnamese planes drop bombs on two bases in North Vietnam during the first Rolling Thunder raid

1967 – Senator Robert Kennedy proposes a three-point plan to help end the war

1968 – The siege of Khe Sanh ends in Vietnam

1968 – Actor Daniel Craig is born

1969 – Soviet and Chinese troops begin firing on each other at a border outpost on the Ussuri River in the eastern region of the USSR

1970 – White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic

1972 – Pioneer 10, the world’s first outer-planetary probe, is launched on a mission to Jupiter

1973 – Federal forces surround Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which is occupied by members of the militant American Indian Movement who are holding at least ten hostages

1974 – A grand jury in Washington, DC concludes that President Nixon was involved in the Watergate cover-up

1978 – Czech pilot Vladimir Remek becomes the first non-Russian, non-American in space

1978 – Grave robbers Roman Wardas and Gantscho Ganev, dig up the body of actor Sir Charles Chaplin, who was buried in a cemetery in the Swiss village of Corsier-sur-Vevey, to demand a ransom for it

1981 – The US plans to send 20 more advisors and $25 million in military aid to El Salvador

1982 – Author Philip Dick dies

1991 – Singer, songwriter, actor and director Serge Gainsbourg dies

1995 – The existence of the elementary particle, top quark, is discovered

1999 – Singer and producer Dusty Springfield dies

2001 – The Taliban began the destruction of ancient Buddha statues in Afghanistan

2002 – The US invasion of Afghanistan begins

2005 – President George W. Bush congratulates the 2005 World Champion Boston Red Sox for winning their first World Series since 1918

2008 – Dmitri Medvedev becomes president of Russia

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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