This Day in History - February 10

February 10

60 – St. Paul is thought to shipwreck at Malta

1258 – A Mongol leader, Hulagu, seizes Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate

1620 – Supporters of Marie de Medici, the queen mother who had been exiled to Blois, are defeated by the king’s troops at Ponts de Ce, France

1720 – Edmond Halley is appointed as the second Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory

1744 – English Admiral William Cornwallis is born

1755 – French philosopher Montesquieu dies

1763 – The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War

1779 – The Battle of Carr’s Fort takes place between Loyalists and the Georgia militias in Wilkes County, Georgia

1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo, Egypt bound for Syria

1824 – Simon Bolivar is named dictator by the Congress of Peru

1837 – Russian novelist and poet Alexander Pushkin is killed in a duel

1840 – Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert

1846 – Led by religious leader Brigham Young, the first Mormons begin their journey to Utah

1861 – Former US Senator from Mississippi, Jefferson Davis, receives word that he has been selected President of the new Confederate States of America

1863 – PT Barnum’s star midgets, Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren, are married

1879 – Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo

1890 – Russian novelist Boris Pasternak is born

1893 – American comedian and actor Jimmy Durante is born

1894 – British Prime Minister Harold MacMillan is born

1897 – Virologist John Enders is born

1898 – German poet and dramatist Bertolt Brecht is born

1899 – Future President Herbert Hoover marries Lou Henry in California

1901 – Actress and teacher Stella Adler is born

1902 – Physicist Walter Brattain is born

1904 – Russia and Japan both declare war on one another

1906 – The British battleship HMS Dreadnought is launched, rendering all other capital ships obsolete due to its revolutionary design

1910 – Belgian cleric and educator Dominique Georges Pire is born

1914 – Harmonica virtuoso Larry Adler is born

1915 – President Wilson reprimands the British for using the US flag on merchant ships to deceive the Germans

1916 – Over disagreements with President Woodrow Wilson, Lindley Garrison resigns as the US Secretary of War

1920 – English physician and author Alex Comfort is born

1923 – Nobel Prize-winning German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen dies

1927 – Opera singer Leontyne Price aka Mary Violet is born

1929 – American composer and conductor Jerry Goldsmith is born

1932 – English journalist, author and playwright Edgar Wallace dies

1939 – The Japanese occupy island of Hainan in French Indochina

1941 – London severs diplomatic relations with Romania

1941 – Iceland is attacked by German planes

1942 – Glenn Miller receives the first ever gold record for selling a million copies of “Chattanooga Choo Choo”

1942 – The war halts civilian car production at Ford

1942 – A Japanese submarine attacks Midway, a coral atoll used as a US Navy base

1945 – B-29’s bomb Tokyo

1955 – Bell Aircraft shows off a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane

1957 – Author Laura Ingalls Wilder dies

1962 – Francis Gary Powers, who had been shot down by the Russians while flying a CIA spy plane in 1960, is released by the Soviets in exchange for the release of Russian spy by the US

1964 – Destroyer HMAS Voyager collides with HMAS Melbourn in Australia, killing 82

1965 – Viet Cong guerrillas blow up the US barracks at Qui Nhon, killing 23 US personnel and two Viet Cong

1966 – Protester David Miller is convicted of burning his draft card

1966 – Lawyer Ralph Nader, who wrote the book “Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile,” testifies before Congress about the auto industry practices in the US

1967 – The 25th Amendment is ratified, establishing the presidential succession

1970 – An avalanche occurs in the ski resort at Val d’Isere, France, killing 42

1971 – Four journalists are killed in a helicopter crash in Laos

1979 – The Metropolitan Museum announces that a $150,000 Greek marble head had been stolen-the first major theft in its 110-year history

1986 – The largest Mafia trial in history begins with 474 defendants in Palermo, Italy

1989 – Former Supreme Court lawyer Ronald Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic Party National Committee becoming the first black to hold the top position in a major political party in the US

1992 – Former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson is found guilty of raping Desiree Washington and sentenced to ten years in prison, with four years suspended

1996 – An estimated 6 million people worldwide watch as world chess champion Garry Kasparov takes on Deep Blue, an IBM computer, in a chess match.  While Kasparov loses his first game, he will ultimately defeat the machine

2005 – Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Arthur Miller dies

2009 – The US satellite “Iridium 33” and the Russian “Kosmos 2251” collide in space and are destroyed

2014 – Actress and iconic child star Shirley Temple dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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