This Day in History - July 14

July 14

1099 – During the First Crusade, Christian knights from Europe capture Jerusalem after seven weeks of siege and begin killing the city’s Muslim and Jewish population

1223 – In France, Louis VIII succeeds his father, Philip Augustus

1430 – Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, is handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais

1456 – Hungarians defeat the Ottomans at the Battle of Belgrade, in present-day Yugoslavia

1536 – France and Portugal sign the Treaty of Lyons, aligning themselves against Spain

1789 – The Bastille, a fortress in Paris used to hold political prisoners, is stormed by a mob

1798 – The Sedition Act is passed by Congress

1811 – After touring Europe and the Near East for two years, Lord Byron returns to England.  These travels will inspire his first highly successful work, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, making him in his own words, “I awoke one morning and found myself famous”

1858 – Founder of the Women’s Social and Political Union, Emmeline Pankhurst, is born

1860 – Novelist, Owen Wister, is born

1862 – Austrian painter and graphic artist, Gustav Klimt, is born

1864 – At Harrisburg, Mississippi, Federal troops under General Andrew Jackson Smith repulse an attack by General Nathan Bedford Forrest in the Battle of Tupelo

1881 – Sheriff Pat Garrett shoots Henry McCarty, aka Billy the Kid, to death in New Mexico

1882 – The famous gun-fighting and Shakespeare quoting gentlemen, John Ringo, is found dead in Turkey Creek Canyon, Arizona and it is a mystery today what caused his death.  It was originally ruled a suicide, but speculation was that he had been murdered by one of two people.  Adding to the complication, Wyatt Earp later claimed to have shot him

1900 – European Allies retake Tientsin, China, from the rebelling Boxers

1903 – Biographical novelist, Irving Stone, is born

1904 – Polish/American writer, Isaac Singer, is born

1910 – French and Russian dancer and choreographer, Marius Petipa, dies

1911 – British actor, Terry-Thomas, is born

1912 – American folk singer, Woodrow Wilson “Woody” Guthrie, is born

1913 – Future President, Gerald Ford, is born

1916 – Italian novelist, Natalia Ginzburg, is born

1918 – Swedish film director, Ingmar Bergman, is born

1918 – The fourth son of former US President Theodore Roosevelt, a pilot in the US Air Service, Quentin Roosevelt, is killed in action during WWI

1918 – Writer, Arthur Laurents, is born

1933 – Nazi Germany promulgates the Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health-the beginning of the Euthanasia program

1938 – Howard Hughes and crew set a new world record for an around-the-world flight

1940 – A force of German bombers attack Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete

1941 – Vichy French Foreign Legionaries sign an armistice in Damascus, allowing them to join the Free French Foreign Legion

1945 – American battleships and cruisers bombard the Japanese home islands for the first time

1951 – The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, Missouri becomes the first national park honoring a black

1963 – Relations between the Soviet Union and China grow heated as the two countries debate about the future of communism

1964 – The US sends 600 additional troops to Vietnam

1965 – 31st Governor of Illinois, Adlai Stevenson, dies

1966 – Eight student nurses are brutally stabbed and strangled to death by Richard Speck at their group residence in Chicago, Illinois.  He will receive the death sentence, but when the Supreme Court invalidated the death penalty, he was re-sentenced to 400 years in prison

1968 – Atlanta Braves Henry “Hank” Aaron hits the 500th home run of his career in a 4-2 win over the San Francisco Giants

1974 – US Army General Carl Spaatz, fighter pilot and the first chief of staff of an independent US Air Force, dies

1995 – A brand new technological wonder, released a week earlier to the public, is given its name, “.mp3”

2001 – French painter, Guy de Lussigny, dies

2003 – Hurricane Claudette crashes into Galveston, Texas, causing extensive damage and killing two

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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