This Day in History - January 11

January 11


532 – Nika-revolt against Justianus and Theodora takes place in Hippodrome Constantinople


1599 – Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java carrying pepper, clove and muskaat


1757 – First US Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, is born


1775 – The first Jew to hold an elected office in America, Francis Salvador, takes his seat on the South Carolina Provincial Congress


1813 – The first pineapples are planted in Hawaii


1843 – Author of “The Star-Spangled Banner,” Francis Scott Key, dies


1861 – Alabama secedes from the Union


1862 – Simon Cameron resigns as Secretary of War


1863 – Union General John McClernand and Admiral David Porter capture Arkansas Post from the Confederates


1864 – Founder of Selfridge and Co., Ltd., who coined the phrase “the customer is always right,” H. George Selfridge, is born


1887 – Hangman George Maledon dispatches four victims in a multiple hanging in Fort Smith, Arkansas


1903 – South African novelist Alan Patton is born


1904 – In Somaliland, British troops kill 1,000 dervishes (Sufi Muslims)


1908 – US President Theodore Roosevelt declares that the Grand Canyon in northwestern Arizona will be a national monument


1916 – Russian General Yudenich launches an offensive and advances west


1916 – French forces take military control of the Greek Island of Corfu to provide safe haven for refugees leaving Serbia


1922 – Insulin is used for the first time in treating diabetes, with 14-year old Leonard Thompson


1923 – The French enter Essen in the Ruhr Valley, with the intent of taking Germany’s resources as war payment


1927 – Early Hollywood star Charlie Chaplin’s $16 million estate is frozen by the court when his second wife, Lita Grey Chaplin, sues for divorce


1928 – The leader of the Bolshevik revolution, Leon Trotsky, is banished to Alma-Ata, a remote part of Soviet Central Asia, by Joseph Stalin.  Trotsky will live in internal exile for a year before being banished from the USSR forever


1931 – Actor Rod Taylor is born


1934 – The German police raid the homes of dissident clergy in Berlin


1934 – 20th Prime Minister of Canada, Jean Chretien is born


1935 – American aviator Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii to California in a solo flight and the first of its kind


1937 – A riot begins during a sit-down strike by General Motors auto workers in Flint, Michigan, when police try to prevent strikers from receiving food deliveries from supporters outside, injuring both strikers and officers


1940 – Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. becomes the US Army’s first black general


1941 – The Afrika Korps are established when Adolf Hitler orders forces to enter North Africa to assist the Italian effort


1941 – German chess player Emanuel Lasker dies


1942 – Japan invades the Dutch East Indies at Borneo


1943 – The Soviet Red Army surrounds Stalingrad


1943 – Radio host, author, social activist Jim Hightower is born


1945 – A political truce is signed by the British-backed Democratic National Army and the communist rebel National Liberation Front, halting the Greek Civil War temporarily 


1948 – President Harry Truman proposes free, two-year community college for any who seek an education


1949 – Negotiations in China between Nationalists and Communists open when Tientsin is as good as lost to the Communists


1949 – The cornerstone is laid at the first mosque of note in the US, the Islamic Center in Washington, D.C.


1952 – Pro golfer Ben Crenshaw is born


1956 – South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem issues Ordinance No. 6 allowing the internment of former Viet Minh members and others considered to be a national security threat


1964 – Previously unexhibited paintings by artist Pablo Picasso are displayed for the first time in Toronto


1965 – Demonstrations and strikes led by Buddhists erupt in Saigon and Hue and much of central Vietnam, in protest of the government being headed by Tran Van Huong.  The demonstrations also reflected an anti-America tone


1966 – More than 10 inches of rain falls in a 12-hour period, causing a flash flood that kills 400 and causes 50,000 to evacuate in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


1971 – American singer, songwriter, producer and actress Mary J. Blige is born


1973 – The owners of America’s major league baseball teams vote to allow teams in the American League to use a “designated pinch-hitter” that could bat for the pitcher, while still allowing the pitcher to stay in the game


1973 – Indian cricket player Rahul Dravid is born


1978 – Author Toni Morrison wins the National Book Critics Circle Award for Song of Solomon


1979 – Malaysian singer, songwriter and producer Siti Nurhaliza is born


1980 – Honda announces it will build the first Japanese-owned passenger-car assembly plant in the US


1985 – 1.5 million attend the first Rock in Rio music festival


1989 – Ronald Reagan gives his farewell speech


1994 – The Irish Government announces an end to a 15-year ban on broadcasting by the IRA and Sinn Fein


2002 – The first al-Qaeda prisoners arrive at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba


2003 – Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on the state’s death row in light of allegations that Chicago police detectives and commander Jon Burge tortured confessions from some 200 suspects, over a 29-year period


2008 – New Zealand mountaineer and explorer Edmund Hillary dies


2010 – The last survivor of the group of people who helped hide Jewish Anne Frank and her family from the Nazis during World War II, Miep Gies, dies.  Gies is also credited for rescuing Frank’s notebooks that described her two years in hiding


2011 – The Arab Spring movement begins in Tunisia when demonstrators protest unemployment and police brutality


2012 – Van der Sloot pleads guilty to the murder of Stephany Flores, who he beat, strangled, suffocated to death and robbed in a Lima hotel room.  Five years prior to the day, American teen Natalee Holloway went missing while on a graduation trip in Aruba, and Van der Sloot had been the prime suspect, although her body was never found and he was never officially charged.  He was sentenced to 28 years in prison and ordered to pay $75,000 in reparation to Flores’ family


2013 – 3rd President of South Vietnam, Nguyen Khanh dies


2013 – American computer programmer and activist Aaron Swartz dies


2014 – 11th Prime Minister of Israel, Ariel Sharon dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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