This Day in History - June 29

June 29

1236 – Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon take Cordoba in Spain

1613 – The Globe Theater, home to most of Shakespeare’s plays, burns down

1652 – Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth

1767 – The British Parliament passes the Townshend Revenue Act, levying taxes on America

1776 – Edward Rutledge, one of South Carolina’s representatives to the Continental Congress, opposes independence from Britain in a letter to like-minded John Jay of New York

1798 – Italian poet, Giacomo Leopardi, is born

1835 – William Travis raises a volunteer army of 25 soldiers and prepares to liberate the city of Anahuac, determined to win independence for the Mexican State of Texas

1858 – Engineer, George Washington Goethals, is born

1861 – Co-founder of the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, William James Mayo, is born

1862 – Union forces, falling back from Richmond, fight at the Battle of Savage’s Station

1865 – Republican Senator from Idaho, William E. Borah, is born

1880 – France annexes Tahiti

1886 – Black photographer, James Van Der Zee, is born

1888 – Professor Frederick Treves performs the first appendectomy in England

1895 – English biologist, Thomas Henry Huxley, dies

1900 – Aviator and writer, Antoine de Saint-Exupery, is born

1903 – The British government officially protests Belgian atrocities in the Congo

1905 – Russian troops intervene as riots erupt in ports all over the country, leaving many ships looted

1910 – Songwriter, Frank Loesser, is born

1915 – Foreign Minister Istvan von Burian of Austria-Hungary sends a note to the US protesting US sale and shipment of munitions to Britain and its allies for use against the Central Powers in WWI

1917 – The Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia

1925 – An earthquake ravages Santa Barbara, California

1926 – Fascists in Rome add an hour to the work day in an economic efficiency measure

1930 – Italian journalist, Oriana Fallaci, is born

1932 – Siam’s army seizes Bangkok and announces an end to the absolute monarchy

1933 – American actor, director, and screenwriter, Roscoe Arbuckle, dies

1936 – American baseball player, Harmon Killebrew, is born

1938 – Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Olympic National Park, Washington, are founded

1940 – Swiss and German painter, Paul Klee, dies

1941 – Black civil rights leader, Stokely Carmichael, is born

1941 – German divisions make advances on Leningrad, Moscow, and Kiev

1943 – President Franklin Roosevelt writes a letter to leading Manhattan Project physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, in an effort to smooth over growing tensions between Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves, the military leader in charge of the project

1950 – President Harry Truman authorizes a sea blockade of Korea

1951 – The US invites the Soviet Union to the Korean peace talks on a ship in Wonsan Harbor

1955 – The Soviet Union sends tanks to Poznan, Poland, to put down anti-Communist demonstrations

1958 – Brazil defeats host nation Sweden 5-2 to win its first World Cup

1964 – The first New Zealand Army troops arrive in Saigon to support America

1966 – The US Air Force bombs fuel storage facilities near Hanoi, North Vietnam

1967 – Israel removes barricades, reunifying Jerusalem

1967 – Actress, Jayne Mansfield, dies in a car accident

1968 – Canadian ice hockey player, Theoren Fleury, is born

1970 – US troops pull out of Cambodia

1972 – The Supreme Court rules that capital punishment is unconstitutional in Furman v. Georgia, but also suggests new legislation such as the development of standardized guidelines for juries that decide sentences, could make it constitutional again

1974 – With Argentine President Juan Peron on his deathbed, his wife and vice president, Isabela Martinez de Peron, is sworn in as leader

1978 – Singer, dancer, and actress, Nicole Scherzinger is born

1982 – Israel invades Lebanon

1989 – Congress votes for new sanctions against China due to its massacre of protesters in Tiananmen Square

1995 – The American space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir to form the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth

1995 – The Sampoong Department Store in Seoul, South Korea, collapses on this day, killing more than 500

2001 – Boston doctor Dirk Greineder is found guilty of murdering his wife Mabel Greineder.  Mabel was found stabbed to death and nearly decapitated.  During the course of the investigation, it was determined that Dr. Greineder had been spending hours each day on an internet porn site and was frequenting prostitutes.  Despite a mostly circumstantial case against him, he was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole

2003 – Actress, Katherine Hepburn, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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