This Day in History - November 15

November 15

1315 – Swiss soldiers ambush and kill invading Australians in the Battle of Morgarten

1533 – Explorer Francisco Pizarro enters Cuzco, Peru

1626 – The Pilgrim Fathers who have settled in New Plymouth, buy out their London investors

1630 – German astronomer Johannes Kepler dies

1708 – Secretary of State of England who helped plot out the win of the Seven Years War, William Pitt the Elder is born

1738 – British astronomer who discovered Uranus, Sir William Hershel is born

1777 – The Articles of Confederation, instituting perpetual union of the US, are adopted by Congress

1805 – Meriwether Lewis and William Clark reach the mouth of the Columbia River, completing their voyage to the Pacific

1806 – Explorer Zebulon Pike discovers the Colorado Peak that bears his name

1859 – Charles Dickens’ serialized novel, A Tale of Two Cities, comes to a close, as the final chapter is published in Dickens’ circular, All the Year Round

1864 – Union Major General William T. Sherman’s troops set fires that destroy much of Atlanta’s industrial district beginning his March to the Sea, capturing the Confederate seaport of Savannah, Georgia

1867 – First stock ticker debuts in New York City, invented by Edward Calahan

1881 – The American Federation of Labor is founded

1886 – French and Egyptian author, Rene Guenon is born

1887 – American artist, Georgia O’Keefe is born

1889 – Pedro II is deposed in a military coup, making him the second and final emperor of Brazil

1891 – German field marshal in World War II, Erwin Rommel is born

1906 – General in US Army Air Corps and then Air Force and vice presidential running mate of George Wallace in 1968 who is credited with the planning of the strategic bombing campaign against Imperial Japan during World War II, Curtis LeMay is born

1907 – Germany army officer and one of the leaders in the failed assassination attempt against Adolf Hitler, Claus von Stauffenberg is born

1908 – Empress Dowager Cixi of China dies

1909 – M. Metrot makes the first manned flight in Africa

1913 – English film director, screenwriter and cinematographer Guy Green is born

1917 – Kerensky flees and Bolsheviks take command in Moscow

1917 – French sociologist Emile Durkheim dies

1917 – Georges Clemenceau is named prime minister of France for the second time

1920 – The League of Nations session in Geneva is opened with 41 nations

1922 – It is announced that Dr. Alexis Carrel has discovered white corpuscles

1923 – Mamie Snow, a mentally challenged white woman from Illinois, claims that James Montgomery, a black veteran, factory worker, and homeowner had raped her. Montgomery was thrown in jail, and spent more than 25 years in prison before his conviction was overturned and he was released

1925 – American politician and Senate Majority Leader in 1981-1985, White House Chief of Staff under Ronald Reagan in 1987-1988 and Ambassador to Japan in 2001-2005, Howard Baker is born

1930 – Strikes and riots halt everything in Madrid, Spain

1937 – Eighteen lawsuits are brought against the Tennessee Valley Authority, calling for its dissolution

1939 – Blues musician, W.C. Clark is born

1940 – Actor, producer, and director, Sam Waterston is born

1941 – Author, Daniel Pinkwater is born

1942 – Israeli pianist and conductor, Daniel Barenboim is born

1942 – An American fleet defeats a Japanese naval force in a clash off Guadalcanal

1943 – Heinrich Himmler makes public an order that Gypsies and those of mixed Gypsy blood are to be put on “the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps”

1943 – A very young Leonard Bernstein’s brilliant Philharmonic debut as a last minute stand-in to the group’s regular conductor, makes front-page news in The New York Times

1946 – The 17th Paris Air Show opens at the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysees

1952 – Newark Airport in New Jersey reopens after closing earlier in the year due to an increase in accidents

1956 – Elvis Presley makes his movie debut in Love Me Tender

1957 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev asserts Soviet superiority in missiles, challenging the US to a rocket-range shooting match

1960 – The first submarine with nuclear missiles, the USS George Washington, takes to the sea from Charleston, South Carolina

1962 – Cuba threatens to down US planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory

1963 – Argentina voids all foreign oil contracts

1965 – In the second day of combat, regiments of the 1st Cavalry Division battle on Landing Zones X-Ray against North Vietnamese in the la Drang Valley

1965 – At the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, Craig Breedlove sets a new land-speed record of 600.601 miles per hour, in his car, the Spirit of America, which cost $250,000 and is powered by a surplus engine from a Navy jet

1966 – General Earle Wheeler, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, addresses a gathering at Brown University and approximately 60 students walk out to protest his defense of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, while others tried to shout him down, heckled him and tried tostorm the stage

1969 – A quarter of a million anti-Vietnam demonstrators march in Washington, DC

1976 – A Syrian peace force takes control of Beirut, Lebanon

1977 – President Jimmy Carter welcomes Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the shah of Iran, and his wife, Empress (or “Shahbanou”) Farrah, to Washington to discuss improving the two country’s relationship

1978 – A plane carrying Muslim pilgrims from Mecca to Indonesia crashes in Sri Lanka, killing 183 people

1978 – American anthropologist, Margaret Mead dies

1983 – English actor John Le Mesurier dies

1984 – Baby Fae dies, 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant

1985 – Anglo-Irish Agreement signed by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret Fitzgerald

1988 – An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council

1990 – The People’s Republic of Bulgaria is replaced by a new republican government

2007 – Cyclone Sidr kills an estimated 5,000 people in Bangladesh


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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