This Day in History - April 30

April 30

311 – Roman Emperor Galerius issues the Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire

313 – Licinius unifies the whole of the Eastern Roman Empire under his own rule

711 – Islamic conquest of Iberia occurs by Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad at Gibraltar

1030 – Mahmud of Ghazni dies

1250 – King Louis IX of France is ransomed

1527 – Henry VIII of England and King Francis of France sign the Treaty of Westminster

1562 – The first French colonists in North America, Jean Ribault, and others arrive in Florida

1563 – All Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI

1725 – Spain withdraws from the Quadruple Alliance

1776 – Samuel Adams, in a letter to Reverend Samuel Cooper, writes that he hopes for another battle between British and American troops, stating “One battle would do more towards a Declaration of Independence than a long chain of conclusive arguments in a provincial convention or the Continental Congress.”

1777 – German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss is born

1789 – George Washington is inaugurated as the first US president

1803 – The Louisiana Territory was sold to the US by France for $15 million

1812 – Louisiana is admitted into the Union as a state

1849 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulses a French attack on Rome

1858 – Wife of President Benjamin Harrison, First Lady Mary Scott Lord Dimmick is born

1859 – Charles Dickens’ “A Tale of Two Cities” is first published in a literary periodical “All the Year Round” in weekly installments

1864 – Work begins on the Dams along the Red River, which will allow Union General Nathaniel Banks’ troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana

1864 – The Battle of Jenkins’ Ferry takes place in Arkansas

1867 – A rancher turned lawman, Burton C. Mossman, is born

1870 – Hungarian composer Franz Lehar is born

1883 – Painter Edouard Manet dies

1888 – Orange-sized hail kills 230 and many farm animals in Moradabad, India, and kills sixteen others in Bareilly, India

1909 – Queen of the Netherlands, Juliana, is born

1912 – Actress Eve Arden is born

1916 – Germany and its WWI allies become the first countries to use daylight saving time aka DST

1917 – The so-called Battle of the Boot marks the end of the British army’s Samarra Offensive, against the Turkish railroad at Samarra in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq) during World War I

1927 – The Federal Industrial Institution for Women, the first women’s federal prison, opens in Alderson, West Virginia

1930 – The Soviet Union proposes a military alliance with France and Great Britain

1931 – The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opens

1933 – Country singer Willie Nelson is born

1939 – The New York World’s Fair opens in New York City

1943 – The British submarine HMS Seraph drops ‘the man who never was,’ a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans, into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain

1945 – Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker, and Karl Donitz becomes his successor

1945 – Writer Annie Dillard is born

1948 – The original Land Rover debuts at an auto show in Amsterdam

1948 – The US and 20 Latin American nations sign the charter establishing the Organization of American States aka OAS, designed to better facilitate political relations between the member states and allowing the US to serve as a bulwark against communist penetration of the Western Hemisphere

 1954 – New Zealand film director Jane Campion is born

1956 – Director and screenwriter Lars von Trier is born

1959 – 22nd Prime Minister of Canada, Stephen Harper, is born

1968 – US Marines attack a division of North Vietnamese troops in the village of Dai Do

1970 – US troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas

1972 – The North Vietnamese launch an invasion of the South

1973 – President Richard Nixon announces the resignation of Harry Robbins Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and other top aides

1975 – North Vietnamese troops enter the Independence Palace of South Vietnam in Saigon ending the Vietnam War

1980 – Terrorists seize the Iranian Embassy in London

1980 – 1st Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Luis Munoz Marin, dies

1982 – Actress and singer Kirsten Dunst is born

1983 – Singer, songwriter, and guitarist, Muddy Waters dies

1993 – Top women’s tennis player Monica Seles is stabbed by a deranged German man during a match in Hamburg, who believed if he injured Seles, his idol Steffi Graf would be able to regain her No. 1 ranking

1993 – CERN offers the software required to operate a web server with an open license, thus ensuring its own dissemination, but also ensuring the World Wide Web remains free

1997 – In a widely publicized episode of the ABC sitcom Ellen, TV character Ellen Morgan, played by Ellen DeGeneres, announces that she is gay. This will be the first sitcom with an openly gay lead character. Shortly after, DeGeneres will announce that she is also gay, in an interview with Diane Sawyer

2009 – Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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