This Day in History - October 16

October 16

1555 – The Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas Ridley are burned at the stake for heresy in England

1701 – Yale University is founded as the Collegiate School of Killingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who consider Harvard too liberal

1758 – US teacher, lexicographer, and publisher who wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language, Noah Webster, is born

1773 – The “Philadelphia Resolutions” criticizes the British Parliament’s Tea Act, which they said was an unfair tax

1791 – Russian military leader and politician, Grigory Potemkin, dies

1793 – During the French Revolution, Austrian wife of Louis XVI of France, Queen Marie Antoinette is beheaded by guillotine

1797 – Leader of the famed Light Brigade, Lord Cardigan is born

1846 – Dr. William Thomas Green Morton administers the first dose of either at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston

1849 – Historian, clergyman, and politician, George Washington Williams, is born

1851 – Psychopathic gunman, William “Wild Bill” Longley, is born

1854 – Dramatist, poet, novelist and critic, Oscar Wilde, is born

1854 – Future President Abraham Lincoln delivers a speech criticizing slavery

1859 – Abolitionist John Brown and 21 other men seize the US Armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. US Marines capture the raiders, killing several, and Brown is later hanged for treason

1886 – Israeli statesman, David Ben-Gurion, is born

1888 – Nobel Prize-winning playwright, Eugene O’Neill, is born

1898 – US Supreme Court Justice, William O. Douglas, is born

1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt creates a controversy by inviting black leader Booker T. Washington to the White House

1906 – Kentucky-born writer and educator, Cleanth Brooks, is born

1908 – The first airplane flight in England is made at Farnborough by US citizen Samuel Cody

1912 – New York Giants outfielder Fred Snodgrass drops an easy pop-up in the 10th inning of the tiebreaking eighth game of the World Series against the Red Sox, costing the Giants the championship

2926 – Private Henry Farr of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) is executed for cowardice after he refused to go forward into the front-line trenches on the Western Front during World War I

1919 – Writer, Kathleen Winsor, is born

1925 – Actress, Angela Lansbury, is born

1927 – Novelist, playwright, painter, and sculptor, Gunter Grass, is born

1930 – Romanian-born Israeli poet, Dan Pagis, is born

1931 – Special counsel to President Richard Nixon and one of the “Watergate Seven” who was sentenced to prison for obstruction of justice, Charles “Chuck” Colson, is born

1934 – Mao Tse-tung abandons his base in Jiangxi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists, and sets out on the “Long March” with 30,000 Red Army troops and his pregnant wife in tow, retreating 6,000 miles, nearly twice the distance from New York to San Francisco

1938 – Billy the Kid, a ballet by Aaron Copeland, opens in Chicago

1940 – Benjamin O. Davis becomes the US Army’s first African American Brigadier General

1946 – Ten Nazi war criminals are hanged in Nuremberg, Germany

1949 – Actress, Suzanne Somers, is born

1951 – Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, dies

1958 – Academy Award-winning actor, screenwriter, director, and producer, Tim Robbins, is born

1958 – Chevrolet introduces the El Camino

1964 – China joins the rank of nations with atomic bomb capability

1968 – US Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker and North Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu discuss a North Vietnamese bombing halt during the Vietnam War

1969 – Grammy Award-winning jazz trumpeter, Roy Hargrove, is born

1969 – The New York Mets win the World Series 4-1 over the heavily favored Baltimore Orioles

1973 – Israeli General Ariel Sharon crosses the Suez Canal and begins to encircle two Egyptian armies

1973 – Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese diplomat Le Duc Tho are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Paris peace accords

1974 – Canadian ice hockey player, Paul Kariya, is born

1977 – Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter, musician and producer John Mayer is born

1978 – The College of Cardinals elects 58-year old Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, a Pole, the first non-Italian Pope since 1523

1981 – 5th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Israel, Moshe Dayan, dies

1984 – A baboon heart is transplanted into 15-day old Baby Fae- the first transplant of the kind, at Loma Linda University Medical Center. Baby Fae lives until November 15

1987 – 18-month old Jessica McClure, or Baby Jessica, is rescued after falling down an abandoned water well in Midland, Texas and being trapped for 58 hours, as viewers from around the world witnessed the dramatic rescue efforts via television

1991 – George Jo Hennard drives his truck through a window in Luby’s Café in Killeen, Texas and then opens fire on a lunch crowd of over 100 people, killing 23, injuring 20 more and then killing himself

1995 – The Million Man March for ‘A Day of Atonement’ takes place in Washington, D.C.

1995 – Skye Bridge opens over Loch Alsh, Scotland

1996 – A stampede of soccer fans before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City kills 84 people and seriously injures more than 100 others. Guatemala national team was set to face off against Costa Rica. Approximately 60,000 fans came to the stadium, which has a capacity of only 45,000. Apparently, counterfeiters had sold thousands of fake tickets to the event. Although the stadium was already full to capacity about an hour before the match was scheduled to begin, fans continued to push their way into the venue through a narrow passage. As those in front of them had nowhere to go, people began to be crushed and suffocated. Fistfights broke out in the crowd exacerbated the situation, which ended in panic

1998 – Former dictator of Chile, General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London for extradition on murder charges

2002 – Inaugural opening of Bibliotheca Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, a modern library and cultural center commemorating the famed Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity

2011 – English race car driver, Dan Wheldon, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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