This Day in History - September 11

September 11

1297 – William Wallace and his Scots defeat the English at Stirling Bridge

1695 – Eugene of Savoy and his Imperial troops defeat the Turks at the Battle of Zenta

1700 – Scottish poet, James Thomson, is born

1709 – John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, wins the bloodiest battle of the 18th century against the French at Malplaquet

1740 – The first mention of a black doctor or dentist in the colonies is made in the Pennsylvania Gazette

1777 – General Sir William Howe defeats General George Washington at the Battle of Brandywine in Pennsylvania

1786 – The Convention of Annapolis opens with the intention of revising the Articles of Confederation

1802 – Piedmont, Italy is annexed by France

1814 – Thomas Macdonough leads US forces to a victory against the British fleet on Lake Champlain during the War of 1812

1847 – Stephen Foster’s “Oh! Susanna” is first performed in a saloon in Pittsburgh

1850 – The “Swedish Nightingale,” a soprano opera singer named Jenny Lind, debuts for the first time in America at New York’s Castle Garden Theater

1851 – In Christiana, Pennsylvania, a group of African Americans and white abolitionists fight with a Maryland posse who are trying to capture four fugitive slaves hidden in town. The incident became known as the Christiana Riot

1857 – Indians incited by Mormon John D. Lee kill 120 California-bound settlers in the Mountain Meadows Massacre in Utah in the Old West

1861 – The Rebels begin Cheat Mountain campaign in western Virginia during the Civil War

1862 – Author William Sydney Porter, aka O. Henry, is born

1864 – Generals William Sherman and John Hood declare a 10-day truce to allow civilians to leave Atlanta, Georgia

1877 – Physicist, James Jeans, is born

1885 – English novelist, D.H. Lawrence, is born

1904 – The battleship Connecticut is launched in New York, introducing a new era in naval construction

1915 – During World War I, at Zimmerwald in Switzerland, delegates to the First International Socialist Conference call for an immediate end to the war

1916 – The “Star-Spangled Banner” is sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York

1917 – Investigative journalist, Jessica Mitford, is born

1921 – Fatty Arbuckle, a silent film actor is arrested during the height of his fame in San Francisco for the rape and murder of aspiring actress Virginia Rappe. Despite being acquitted by a jury, the scandal put an end to his career

1924 – Dual Super Bowl-winning coach of the Dallas Cowboys, Tom Landry, is born

1924 – Holocaust survivor and educator, Rudolf Vrba, is born

1930 – Katherine Anne Porter’s Flowering Judas is published

1936 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam, now Hoover Dam, in Nevada

1937 – US Navy captain, astronaut, former director of Kennedy Space Center, Robert L. Crippen is born

1939 – Co-founder of Adobe Systems, Inc., Charles M. Geschke, is born

1940 – Film director, Brian DePalma, is born

1940 – During World War II, Adolf Hitler sends German troops to Romania to protect oil reserves and to prepare an Eastern European base of operations for further attacks against the Soviet Union

1940 – US Solicitor General under President George W. Bush, Theodore Olson, is born

1941 – Bulgarian revolutionary and politician, Christian Rahovsky, dies

1944 – American troops enter Luxembourg during World War II

1948 – Lawyer, politician, and founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, dies

1962 – Thurgood Marshall is appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals

1962 – The Beatles record their first single, Love Me Do

1965 – President of Syria since 2000, Bashar al-Assad, is born

1965 – American DJ, singer, and songwriter, Moby, is born

1965 – The airmobile 1st Cavalry Division arrives in South Vietnam and stations at A Khê during the Vietnam War

1966 – Wife of Prince Akishino, second son of Emperor Akihito of Japan and the only commoner to marry into Japan’s royal family, Princess Akishino is born

1967 – Grammy and Emmy award-winning actor, singer and musician, Harry Connick Jr., is born

1968 – During the Vietnam War, a major battle begins for control of Tay Ninh City when more than 1,500 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong attack the capital

1971 – Former Soviet leader and one of the most significant figures of the Cold War, Nikita Khrushchev dies

1971 – Donny Osmond’s “Go Away Little Girl” is top of the charts

1973 – Chilean president Salvador Allende is killed in a coup by Chile’s armed forces. Reportedly, he survived the initial attack but then shot himself as troops stormed his burning palace in Santiago with a rifle given to him by Cuban dictator Fidel Castro

1974 – Haile Selassie I is deposed from the Ethiopian throne

1977 – Rapper, producer, and actor, Ludacris, is born

1985 – Cincinnati Reds player-manager Pete Rose gets his 4,192nd hit of his career, breaking Ty Cobb’s major league career hit record

1987 – Michael Douglas’ and Glenn Close’s Fatal Attraction premiers

1987 – Jamaican singer, songwriter, and guitarist, Peter Tosh, dies

1991 – A Continental Express commuter plane crashes in Texas near Houston, killing 14 people

1997 – Voters approve the establishment of a parliament to run domestic affairs in Scotland, after 290 years of union with England

2001 – Islamic terrorists hijack four US passenger jets, flying two in the World Trade Center towers in New York and one into the Pentagon, killing several thousand people. The fourth, headed toward Washington in a likely attempt to strike the White House or Capitol, is crashed in Pennsylvania after heroic passengers storm the cockpit and overtake the hijackers. President George W. Bush learns of the attack while reading along children in a classroom in Florida

2005 – Israel completes its unilateral disengagement of all Israeli civilians and military from the Gaza Strip

2007 – Russia detonates a nano-bomb, “Father of All Bombs,” and it is the largest non-nuclear weapon developed to date

2012 – US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is attacked and burned down killing 4 Americans including US ambassador J. Christopher Stevens. Controversy surrounds the incident and Secretary of State, Hillary Rodham Clinton, for her actions or lack thereof, in rescuing the Americans in Libya

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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