This Day in History - February 19

February 19

356 – Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples down

1408 – The revolt of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland against King Henry IV, ends with death at Bramham Moor

1473 – Polish astronomer who introduced idea that the Earth revolves around the Sun, Nicholas Copernicus, is born

1674 – The Netherlands and England sign the Peace of Westminster, where New Amsterdam is given to England and renamed New York

1683 – Philip V, King of Spain, is born

1701 – Philip V of Spain makes his ceremonial entry into Madrid

1777 – The Continental Congress vote to promote others to the rank of major general, overlooking Benedict Arnold

1807 – Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason but will later be found innocent

1817 – William III, King of the Netherlands, is born

1821 – Union General Francis Preston Blair Jr. is born

1847 – Rescuers finally reach the Donner Party, a group of emigrants stranded, in the Sierras

1851 – An angry mob in San Francisco holds a makeshift “trial” for two Australian suspects in the robbery and assault of CJ Jansen but their jury failed to convict, and the men were returned to authorities

1859 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, is born

1861 – Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom

1865 – Swedish governor and explorer Sven Hedin is born

1878 – Thomas Alva Edison patents the phonograph

1884 – A series of 37 tornadoes kills 167 and injures 1,000 across the Southeast US

1902 – Smallpox vaccination becomes mandatory in France

1902 – Writer Kay Boyle is born

1903 – The Austria-Hungary government decrees a two-year military service

1911 – Film actress Merle Oberon is born

1915 – British and French warships begin their attacks on the Turkish forts at Dardanelles in an abortive expedition to seize the Straits of Gallipoli

1917 – American troops are recalled from the Mexican border

1917 – Writer Carson McCullers is born

1919 – The First Pan-African Congress meets in Paris, France

1925 – President Calvin Coolidge proposes the phasing out of inheritance tax

1926 – Dr. Lane of Princeton estimates the earth’s age at one billion years

1934 – Comic actor Bob Hope marries Dolores Reade in Pennsylvania

1940 – American singer and songwriter Smokey Robinson is born

1942 – Port Darwin on the coast of Australia, is bombed by Japanese

1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt signs an executive order authorizing the removal of any people from military areas “as deemed necessary or desirable” which results in the internment of thousands of Japanese-Americans

1944 – The US Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force begin “Big Week,” a series of heavy bombing on German aircraft facilities

1945 – Four US Marines erect the US flag on the island of Iwo Jima

1952 – Novelist Amy Tan is born

1952 – Nobel Prize-winning Norwegian writer Knut Hamsun dies

1953 – 55th President of Argentina, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, is born

1957 – Austrian singer and songwriter, Falco, is born

1959 – Britain, Turkey, and Greece sign an agreement granting Cyprus independence

1963 – English singer and songwriter, Seal, is born

1965 – Fourteen Vietnam protestors are arrested for blocking doors at the UN in New York

1966 – Robert Kennedy suggests the US offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam

1968 – The first nationwide broadcast of Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood aired on PBS

1970 – The Chicago Seven are acquitted of riot conspiracy charges but are found guilty of inciting riot and sentenced to five years and fined, but their convictions will later be overturned

1974 – Alexander Solzhenitsyn is reunited with his family after exiling from Russia. He had served an eleven-year prison term for speaking out against Russia

1976 – Britain slashes welfare spending

1981 – The US State Department calls El Salvador a “textbook case” of Communist plot

1984 – Cale Yarborough wins his fourth Daytona 500

1985 – Iberia Airlines Flight 610 crashes and all 148 people on board die

1986 – The Soviet “Mir” Space Station is launched

1987 – New York Governor Mario Cuomo declares that he will not run for president in the next election

1996 – Colorado Avalanche goaltender Patrick Roy gets his 300th win in the NHL

1997 – Deng Xiaoping, Chinese Communist leader, dies

2000 – Austrian and New Zealander Friedensreich Hundertwasser, who painted and was an architect, dies

2001 – American director Stanley Kramer dies

2008 – Fidel Castro resigns as President of Cuba

2010 – Professional golfer Tiger Woods gives a televised news conference apologizing for his marital affairs


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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