This Day in History - February 9

February 9

474 – Zeno is crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire along with his son Leo II

967 – Emir of Aleppo, Sayf al-Dawla dies

1567 – Lord Darnley, the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is murdered in Edinburgh when his house blows up

1737 – English and American author and theorist Thomas Paine is born

1773 – Ninth President of the US, William Henry Harrison, is born

1775 – British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony in rebellion

1776 – Future New Jersey Governor Joseph Bloomfield becomes the captain of the Third New Jersey Regiment of Foot in the Continental Army

1799 – The USS Constellation captures the French Insurgente off the West Indies

1814 – Philanthropist Samuel Tilden is born

1819 – Entrepreneur and patent-medicine maker, Lydia Pinkham, is born

1825 – John Quincy Adams is elected the sixth US President by the US House of Representatives

1846 – German engineer who designed the first Mercedes, William Maybach, is born

1857 – Greek poet Dionysios Solomos dies

1861 – Jefferson Davis is elected President of the Confederate States of America

1864 – Union General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Bacon

1871 – Pathologist Howard Ricketts is born

1874 – Poet Amy Lowell is born

1880 – Irish writer James Stephens is born

1881 – Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky dies

1900 – The Davis Cup competition is established when American Dwight Filley Davis challenges British tennis players to compete against his Harvard team

1904 – Japanese troops land near Seoul after disabling two Russian cruisers

1909 – France agrees to recognize German interests economically in Morocco in exchange for political supremacy

1909 – Secretary of State under President Kennedy and Johnson, Dean Rusk, is born

1916 – Conscription begins in Great Britain as the Military Service Act goes into effect

1918 – The first peace treaty of World War I is signed between Ukraine and the Central Powers in Berlin

1922 – The US Congress establishes the World War Foreign Debt Commission

1923 – Irish playwright and poet Brendan Behan is born

1932 – German painter Gerhard Richter is born

1942 – Chiang Kai-shek meets with Sir Stafford Cripps, the British viceroy, in India

1942 – What is often described to be the most elegant ocean liner ever built, the Normandie, catches fire by a welding accident and sinks in New York Harbor

1942 – Congress imposes daylight savings time

1942 – American singer, pianist, and songwriter Carole King is born

1943 – The Red Army takes back Kursk, 15 months after it was seized by the Germans

1943 – The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in American victory

1944 – Pulitzer Prize-winning author Alice Walker is born

1946 – Stalin announces the new five-year plan for the Soviet Union, calling for production boosts of 50 percent

1950 – Senator Joseph McCarthy claims he has a list of over 200 members of the Department of State that are “known communists,” sparking the movement known as “McCarthyism” across the nation

1951 – Actress Greta Garbo gets US citizenship

1953 – The French destroy six Viet Minh war factories in Vietnam

1957 – Hungarian admiral and regent Miklos Horthy dies

1959 – The Soviet R-7 Semyorka missile, the first intercontinental ballistic missile, becomes operational in the USSR

1960 – The official groundbreaking ceremony is held for the Hollywood Walk of Fame with Joanne Woodward, an Academy Award-winner, earning the first star

1960 – Adolph Coors, the heir to the Coors brewery, is kidnapped and held for ransom before being shot to death by Joe Corbett, a Fulbright scholar at the University of Oregon, who had turned criminal by shooting an Air Force sergeant.  He was sentenced to prison at San Quentin from where he escaped and began living under the alias of Walter Osborne.  The FBI tracked him down, and the jury easily convicted him of murder.  He was released in 1978

1964 – The US Embassy in Moscow is stoned by Chinese and Vietnamese students

1964 – The Ed Sullivan Show features the Beatles, to a screaming crowd, thus introducing the famous band to America

1965 – The US Marine Corps Hawk air defense missile battalion is deployed to Da Nang to provide protection for the US airbase there

1969 – The Boeing 747 “Jumbo Jet” flies for the first time

1971 – Pitcher Leroy “Satchel” Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be nominated to the Baseball Hall of Fame

1972 – The British government declares a state of emergency after a month-long coal miner’s strike

1978 – Canada expels 11 Soviets involved in spying

1981 – American singer, songwriter, and musician Bill Haley dies

1987 – German biathlete Magdalena Neuner is born

1991 – Lithuanians vote for independence from the Soviet Union

1992 – Los Angeles basketball star Magic Johnson returns for the All-Star game in Orlando, after having retired upon the discovery that he had HIV

1994 – Nelson Mandela becomes the first black President of South Africa

1996 – The IRA end an 18-month ceasefire by exploding a bomb in London’s Canary Wharf, killing two and injuring 39

2001 – A US military submarine, the USS Greenville, collides with a Japanese fishing boat in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, killing nine

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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