This Day in History - July 13

July 13

1024 – Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, dies

1099 – The Crusaders launch their final assault on Jerusalem

1534 – Ottoman armies capture Tabriz in northwestern Persia

1558 – Led by the Count of Egmont, the Spanish army defeats the French at Gravelines, France

1585 – A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reaches Roanoke Island, North Carolina

1643 – In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, are defeated by Royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down

1754 – George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to the French, leaving them in control of the Ohio Valley

1787 – Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery

1793 – English poet, John Clare, is born

1793 – Jean-Paul Marat, one of the most outspoken leaders of the French Revolution, is stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, a Royalist sympathizer

1798 – English poet, William Wordsworth, visits the ruins of Tintern Abbey

1821 – American army officer, Nathan Bedford Forrest, is born

1832 – Henry Schoolcraft discovers the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota

1861 – The Union routs the Confederates at the Battle of Corrick’s Ford, setting in motion the events that would lead to the creation of West Virginia

1862 – Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army at Murfreesboro, Tennessee

1863 – Opponents of the draft begin three days of rioting in New York City

1866 – The Great Eastern begins a two-week voyage to complete a 12-year effort to lay telegraph cable across the Atlantic between Britain and the US

1866 – Construction begins on Fort Kearny, the most important army outpost guarding the Bozeman Trail

1878 – The Congress of Berlin divides the Balkans among European powers

1886 – Catholic priest and founder of Boys’ Town, Edward Flanagan, is born

1914 – Friedrich von Wiesner, an official of the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Office, reports back to Foreign Minister Leopold von Berchtold the findings of an investigation into the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife Sophia the previous month in Bosnia. The report denied Serbian government involvement

1928 – First black chief justice of a state supreme court, Robert Nix, Jr., is born
1930 – France defeats Mexico 4-1 and the US defeats Belgium 3-0 in the first-ever World Cup played simultaneously in Montevideo, Uruguay

1933 – English novelist, David Storey, is born

1934 – Nobel Prize-winning Nigerian playwright, Wole Soyinka, is born

1935 – Football player and politician, Jack Kemp, is born

1939 – Frank Sinatra records his first song

1940 – English actor, Patrick Stewart, is born

1941 – Britain and the Soviet Union sign a mutual aid pact, providing the means for Britain to send war material to the Soviet Union

1942 – American actor, Harrison Ford, is born

1943 – The largest tank battle in history at the Battle of Kursk, ends between the Germans and Soviets

1944 – Soviet General Ivan Konev, one of the Soviet Union’s most outstanding officers, establishes a new western border at the East Galician city of Lvov

1946 – American photographer, Alfred Stieglitz, dies

1948 – The Democratic Party defends Franklin Roosevelt and President Harry Truman’s foreign policies, gearing up for the campaign

1950 – Taiwanese politician, Ma Ying-jeou, is born

1951 – 500,000 are left homeless and 24 killed when a record-breaking flood hits Kansas

1954 – In Geneva, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the People’s Republic of China and France reach an accord on Indochina, dividing Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel

1954 – Mexican painter, Frida Kahlo, dies

1955 – Nightclub owner Ruth Ellis is convicted of murdering her boyfriend David Blakely and will later become the last woman in Great Britain to be put to death when she is hanged

1960 – Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts is nominated for the presidency by the Democratic Party Convention

1968 – Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York reveals a peace plan that he argues could end the Vietnam War in six months if North Vietnam assented to it

1971 – The Army of Morocco executes 10 leaders accused of leading a revolt

1976 – German SS officer, Joachim Peiper, dies

1978 – Ford Motor Company chairman Henry Ford II fires Lee Iacocca as Ford’s president

1979 – Welsh soccer player, Craig Bellamy, is born

1985 – Prince Charles and Princess Diana open Live Aid, a worldwide rock concert organized to raise money for the relief of famine-stricken Africans.  It was continued at other arenas around the world, including JFK Stadium in Philadelphia and was globally linked by satellite, raising $125 million

1990 – The romantic-thriller, Ghost, opens in theaters

2010 – Owner of the New York Yankees, George Steinbrenner, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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