This Day in History - June 23

June 23

1683 – William Penn signs a friendship treaty with the Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania

1700 – Russia gives up its Black Sea fleet as part of a truce with the Ottoman Empire

1758 – British and Hanoverian armies defeat the French at Krefeld in Germany

1760 – Austrian forces defeat the Prussians at Landshut, Germany

1776 – British Commodore Sir Peter Parker notifies General Henry Clinton that he will land in South Carolina the next day

1848 – A bloody insurrection of workers erupts in Paris

1862 – Confederate General Robert Lee meets with his commanders to plot an attack on the Army of the Potomac, triggering the Seven Days’ Battles

1863 – Confederate forces overwhelm a Union garrison at the Battle of Brashear City in Louisiana

1865 – Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders his army at Fort Towson, in the Oklahoma Territory

1876 – US actor, writer, and editor, Irvin Cobb, is born

1878 – Former Indian agent and Arizona mining entrepreneur Martin Sweeny is murdered near Tombstone, Arizona, in a dispute over mining property

1884 – A Chinese Army defeats the French at Bac Le, Indochina

1885 – Former general and President, Ulysses Grant, dies at the age of 63

1894 – Edward VIII, King of England, is born

1894 – Zoologist and sociologist, Alfred Kinsey, is born

1902 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy renew the Triple Alliance for a 12-year duration

1902 – German automaker, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, first registers “Mercedes” as a brand name

1910 – French playwright, Jean Anouilh, is born

1912 – English mathematician and pioneer of computer theory, Alan Turing, is born

1915 – The Italian army attacks Austro-Hungarian positions near the Isonzo River in what will become the first of twelve Battles of the Isonzo fought during WWI

1916 – English cricket player, Len Hutton, is born

1927 – Choreographer and director, Bob Fosse, is born

1927 – The Sioux County Pioneer newspaper of North Dakota reports that President Calvin Coolidge will be “adopted” into a Sioux tribe at Fort Yates

1929 – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Michael Shaara, is born

1934 – Italy gains the right to colonize Albania after defeating it

1934 – William Bayly is convicted of murder in New Zealand despite the fact that the body of one of his alleged victims was never found, due to forensic evidence against him

1940 – American athlete, Wilma Rudolph, is born

1940 – Adolf Hitler takes a tour of Paris, surveying notable sites in the French capital, which is now German-occupied territory

1943 – Pianist and conductor, James Levine, is born

1944 – In one of the largest air strikes of the war, the US Fifteenth Air Force sends 761 bombers against the oil refineries at Ploiesti, Romania

1944 – Tornadoes across West Virginia and Pennsylvania kill more than 150.  Most of the twisters were F3s but one was an F4, meaning it had winds in excess of 207 mph

1951 – Soviet UN delegate Jacob Malik proposes cease-fire discussions in the Korean War

1951 – French Rally driver, Michele Mouton, is born

1952 – The US Air Force bombs power plants on the Yalu River, Korea

1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected as the first president of the Republic of Egypt

1959 – After only nine years in prison, Klaus Fuchs, the German-born Los Alamos scientist whose espionage helped the USSR build their first atomic and hydrogen bombs, is released from British prison

1964 – American director, producer, and screenwriter, Joss Whedon, is born

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson announces that Henry Cabot Lodge has resigned as ambassador to South Vietnam and will be replaced by General Maxwell Taylor

1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi are dispersed by tear gas

1967 – President Lyndon Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in New Jersey for a three-day summit

1969 – North Vietnamese troops besiege Ben Het, a US Special Forces camp northeast of Saigon

1972 – President Richard Nixon signs the Higher Education Act, enacting Title IX, which prohibits federally funded educational institutions from discriminating against students or employees based on sex

1972 – American actress, Selma Blair, is born

1973 – HR Haldeman, President Richard Nixon’s advisor, tells the president to obstruct justice in the Watergate burglary investigation

1981 – Swedish actress and singer, Zarah Leander, dies

1987 – Tiffany Darwish participates in a brilliant marketing strategy visiting the shopping malls of America to promote her album Tiffany, which launched her into stardom

1989 – Tim Burton’s Batman is released in theaters

1992 – Mafia boss John “Teflon Don” Gotti is sentenced to life in prison after being found guilty on 14 counts of conspiracy to commit murder and racketeering.  Minutes after his sentence was read, hundreds of his supporters stormed the federal courthouse in Brooklyn and overturned and smashed cars before being stopped by police reinforcements

1995 – American biologist and physician, Jonas Salk, dies

1996 – Australian cricket player, Ray Lindwall, dies

1996 – Prime Minister of Greece, Andreas Papandreou, dies

2011 – American actor, Peter Falk, dies

2013 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to walk on a high wire across the Little Colorado River Gorge near Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona and did so without wearing a safety harness

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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