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This Day in History - November 19

November 19

1600 – Charles I, becomes King of England and Ireland

1620 – The Pilgrims witness Cape Cod

1776 – Congress pleads with the states to send more soldiers to serve in the Continental Army

1798 – Irish patriot, Wolfe Tone dies

1797 – Abolitionist and women’s rights advocate, Sojourner Truth is born

1824 – A flood on the Neva River in Russia, known as the St. Petersburg Flood, kills an estimated 10,000 people

1828 – Composer Franz Schubert dies of syphilis in Vienna

1831 – 20th President of the US, James Garfield is born

1850 – 9th Vice President of the US, Richard Mentor Johnson, dies

1861 – Julia Ward Howe, upon visiting the Union troops near Washington, writes “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”

1863 – US President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

1885 – Bulgarians repulse a larger Serbian invasion at Slivinitsa

1873 – James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation

1888 – Cuban chess player, Jose Raul Capablanca is born

1899 – Southern novelist, poet, and critic, Allen Tate is born

1905 – 100 people drown in the English Channel when their steamer, Hilda, sinks

1907 – Author of Shane, one of the most popular westerns of all time, Jack Schaefer is born

1911 – New York receives the first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

1915 – The Allies ask China to join them against the Central Powers

1915 – In one of the most daring flight attempts during World War I, the British airman Richard Bell Davies performs a death-defying rescue, swooping down in his plane to whisk a downed fellow pilot from behind the Turkish lines at Ferrijik Junction just as the Turks were approaching

1915 – Composer, arranger, and pianist, Billy Strayhorn is born

1917 – Prime minister of India from 1967-1977 and then 1978-1984, who was assassinated by her own guards, Indira Gandhi is born

1918 – 6th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph F. Smith, dies

1921 – Hall of Fame baseball star, Roy Campanella is born

1923 – Governor Walton of Oklahoma is ousted for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures

1924 – American actor, director, and producer, Thomas Ince dies

1926 – Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union

1933 – Journalist and talk show host, Larry King is born

1936 – Talk show host, Dick Cavett is born

1938 – Businessman and founder of Turner Broadcasting System, Ted Turner is born

1940 – Adolf Hitler tells Spanish Foreign Minister Serano Suner to honor an agreement for Spain to attack Gibraltar, which was under British control. This was a strategic move that would seal off the Mediterranean and trap the British in North Africa

1941 – 42nd Governor of Wisconsin, Tommy Thompson, is born

1942 – Fashion designer and founder of Calvin Klein, Inc., Calvin Klein is born

1942 – Soviet forces take the offensive, known as Operation Uranus, against the Germans and turn the tide in the Battle of Stalingrad

1942 – Poet Sharon Olds is born

1949 – Prince Ranier III is crowned the 30th Monarch of Monaco

1952 – Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe

1954 – President of Egypt in 2014-current, General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is born

1956 – Journalist Ann Curry is born

1962 – Academy Award-winning actress, director, and producer Jodie Foster is born

1966 – Olympic champion in track and field, Gail Devers is born

1967 – Chaplain (Major) Charles Watters of the 173rd Airborne Brigade is awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism during the Battle of Dak To, where he, without regard for his own personal safety, issued medical attention and spiritual strength to soldiers and lost his life doing so

1969 – Apollo 12 touches down on the moon

1969 – Brazilian soccer great Pele scores his 1,000th professional goal in a game, against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracana stadium

1971 – Cambodians appeal to Saigon for help as communist forces move closer to Phnom Penh

1973 – The New York stock market takes the largest drop in 19 years

1975 – One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, a film about a group of patients at a mental institution, opens in theaters

1976 – Patricia Campbell Hearst, the granddaughter of publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst, is released from prison on $1.5 million bail. Patty was in prison for participating in a bank robbery in San Francisco in 1974 that was caught on camera

1976 – Businessman and co-founder of Twitter, Jack Dorsey is born

1977 – Egyptian president Anwar el-Sadat travels to Jerusalem to seek a permanent peace settlement with Israel after decades of conflict, leading to outrage from most of the Arab world, a shared Nobel Peace Prize with Israeli leader Menachem Begin and ultimately, Sadat’s assassination in 1981

1981 – US Steel agrees to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil

1985 – US President Ronald Reagan meets Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union for the first time

1985 – Pennzoil wins a $10.53 billion judgment against Texaco in the largest civil verdict in US history

1990 – Milli Vanilli is stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned that they did not sing on their award-winning Girl You Know It’s True album

1996 – Canada’s Lieutenant-General Maurice Baril arrives in Africa to lead a multinational force policing Zaire

1998 – US House of Representatives begins impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton

2003 – An arrest warrant is issued for Michael Jackson on allegations of misconduct with a minor child

2010 – New Zealand suffers its worst mining disaster since 1914 when 9 people are killed in first of four explosions that occur at the Pike River Mine


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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