This Day in History - April 29

April 29

1289 – Qalawun, Sultan of Egypt, captures Tripoli

1429 – Joan of Arc leads French forces to victory over English at Orleans

1624 – Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu chief minister of the Royal Council of France

1661 – The Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan

1672 – King Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands

1745 – Third Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, Oliver Ellsworth is born

1776 – General George Washington orders Brigadier General Nathanael Greene to take over command of Long Island, preparing for a possible British attack on New York City

1813 – Rubber is patented

1818 – Czar of Russia, Alexander II, is born

1852 – The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus is published

1854 – By act of Pennsylvania legislature, Ashmun Institute becomes the first college founded solely for blacks students

1854 – Mathematician, physicist, and engineer Henri Poincare is born

1856 – Yokut Indians repel a second attack by the ‘Petticoat Rangers,’ a band of civilian Indian fighters at Four Creeks, California

1858 – Austrian troops invade Piedmont

1859 –150,000 Piedmontese troops invade Piedmontese territory

1861 – The Maryland House of Delegates votes against seceding from the Union

1862 – Forts Philip and Jackson surrender to Admiral David Farragut outside of New Orleans

1863 – American newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst is born

1864 – The Battle of Gate Pa takes place, ending in the worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars for the British by the Maori warriors in Tauranga

1875 – American writer Henry James’ collection of travel pieces, Transatlantic Sketches, is published

1877 – Cartoonist and columnist Tad Dorgan is born

1879 – Founder of the London Philharmonic Sir Thomas Beecham is born

1899 – Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, renowned jazz composer and musician, is born

1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan during and after World War II, is born

1913 – Gideon Sunback of Hoboken patents the all-purpose zipper

1916 – Irish nationalists surrender to the British in Dublin

1916 – British forces surrender at Kut, Mesopotamia, to the Turkish and German forces in the single largest surrender of troops in British history to that time

1918 – America’s WWI Ace of Aces, Eddie Rickenbacker, scores his first victory with the help of Captain James Norman Hall

1921 – Cricket player Arthur Mold dies

1924 – Open revolt breaks out in Santa Clara, Cuba

1927 – Construction of the Spirit of St. Louis is completed

1937 – Actor and author William Gillette dies

1945 – The German Army in Italy surrenders unconditionally to the Allies

1945 – Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler are married just hours before they both commit suicide as the Russians close in on their Berlin bunker beneath the Chancellery

1945 – The Nazi concentration camp of Dachau is liberated by Allied troops

1946 – Former Japanese leaders are indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

1950 – Secretary of State Dean Acheson and three former secretaries of state deny that university professor Owen Lattimore had any influence on US foreign policy after Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses him of being a top Soviet spy

1951 – Philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein dies

1957 – Actor Daniel Day-Lewis is born

1958 – Actress and singer Michelle Pfeiffer is born

1968 – The musical Hair premieres on Broadway

1970 – US and South Vietnamese forces launch a limited “incursion” into Cambodia

1971 – US casualty figures for April 18-24th are released: 45 killed bringing the total US losses in the Vietnam War to 45,019 since 1961

1974 – President Richard Nixon announces that he will release transcripts of 46 taped White House conversations in response to a Watergate trial subpoena

1974 – Singer, songwriter and producer Anggun is born

1975 – The US embassy in Vietnam is evacuated as North Vietnamese forces fight their way in Saigon. Operation Frequent Wind, the largest helicopter evacuation on record begins, and Hubert van Es takes the famous picture of a helicopter airlift from a Saigon rooftop

1980 – Director and producer Alfred Hitchcock dies

1983 – Harold Washington is sworn in as Chicago’s first black mayor

1986 – Roger Clemons of the Boston Red Sox becomes the first pitcher in the MLB to strike out 20 batters in a nine-inning game, against the Seattle Mariners at Fenway Park

1991 – A cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing more than 135,000 people

1992 – Four Los Angeles police officers are acquitted of charges stemming from the beating of Rodney King leading to riots

1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention becomes effective, prohibiting the production, storage and use of chemical weapons

2004 – The National World War II Memorial opens in Washington, DC

2004 – The last Oldsmobile comes off the assembly line in Michigan

2006 – Economist John Kenneth Galbraith dies

2011 – Great Britain’s Prince William marries Catherine Elizabeth “Kate” Middleton at Westminster Abbey in London

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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