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This Day in History - October 30

October 30

1270 – The Seventh Crusade ends by the Treaty of Barbary

1485 – Henry VII of England crowned

1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick ends the war between France and the Grand Alliance

1735 – Second president of the US, John Adams, is born

1751 – Playwright, Richard Sheridan, is born

1775 – The Continental Congress appoints seven members to serve on an administrative naval committee tasked with the acquisition, outfitting and manning of a naval fleet to be used in defense against the British

1811 – Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility is published anonymously

1838 – Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Lorain County, Ohio becomes the first college in the U.S. to admit female students

1839 – Landscape painter, Alfred Sisley, is born

1857 – Novelist, Gertrude Atherton, is born

1862 – Union General Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel, commander of the Department of the South, dies in Beaufort, South Carolina

1864 – The town of Helena, Montana, is founded by four gold miners who struck it rich at the appropriately named “Last Chance Gulch”

1871 – Poet and essayist, Paul Valery, is born

1882 – American Admiral, William F. “Bull” Halsey, Jr., is born

1883 – Indian philosopher and scholar, Dayananda Saraswati, dies

1885 – American poet, Ezra Pound, is born

1890 – Oakland, California, enacts a law against opium, morphine, and cocaine

1896 – Oscar, Emmy, and Golden Globe-winning actress, Ruth Gordon, is born

1899 – Two battalions of British troops are cut off, surrounded and forced to surrender to General Petrus Joubert’s Boers at Nicholson’s Nek

1905 – The Czar of Russia issues the October Manifesto, granting civil liberties and elections in an attempt to avert the burgeoning support for revolution

1906 – SS general of World War II who was Adolf Hitler’s mistress Eva Braun’s brother-in-law, Hermann Fegelein, is born

1908 – Caroline Schermerhorn Astor, wife of William Waldorf Astor, the wealthy newspaper proprietor, dies

1915 – President of CBS News, Fred Friendly, is born

1918 – The Italians capture Vittorio Veneto and rout the Austro-Hungarian army

1918 – Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon, October 31

1922 – Mussolini sends his black shirts to Rome

1923 – Prime Minister of the UK, Bonar Law, dies

1925 – Scotsman John L. Baird performs first TV broadcast of moving objects

1930 – Jazz trumpeter and composer Clifford “Brownie” Brown is born

1936 – Head coach at one time of the Philadelphia Eagles, St. Louis Rams and Kansas City Chiefs, Dick Vermeil, is born

1938 – H.G. Wells’ War of the Worlds is broadcast over the radio by Orson Welles’ Mercury Theatre, causing many to panic, as they believe it is an actual newscast of a Martian invasion

1939 – Singer, songwriter, and lead singer for the bands, The Great Society, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Starship, and Starship, Grace Slick, is born

1941 – The U.S. destroyer Reuben James, on convoy duty off Iceland, is sunk by a German U-boat with the loss of 96 Americans

1941 – President Roosevelt, determined to keep the United States out of the war while helping those allies already mired in it, approves $1 billion in Lend-Lease loans to the Soviet Union

1945 – Actor, director, and producer, Henry Winkler, is born

1950 – The First Marine Division is ordered to replace the entire South Korean I Corps at the Chosin Reservoir area

1953 – US President Dwight Eisenhower formally approves a top secret document to maintain and expand the country’s nuclear arsenal

1960 – Argentine soccer player, Diego Maradona, is born

1961 – The USSR detonates “Tsar Bomba,” a 50-megaton hydrogen bomb; it is, as of today, the largest explosive device of any kind over detonated

1965 – US Marines repel multiple-wave attacks by Viet Cong within a few miles of Da Nang where the Marines are based and a sketch of Marine positions is found on the body of a 13-year old boy who had been selling the Americans drinks the previous day

1970 – Filmmaker and model maker, Tory Belleci, is born

1970 – Fighting in the five northern-most provinces comes to a virtual halt as the worst monsoon rains in six years strike the region. The resultant floods killed 293 people and left more than 200,000 homeless

1973 – The Bosphorus Bridge is completed in Istanbul, Turkey

1973 – Canadian actor and wrestler, Edge, is born

1974 – The “Rumble in the Jungle,” a boxing match in Zaire that many regarded as the greatest sporting event of the 20th century, takes place; challenger Muhammad Ali knocks out previously undefeated World Heavyweight Champion George Foreman

1975 – Prince Juan Carlos becomes acting head of state in Spain, replacing the ailing dictator Gen. Francisco Franco

1985 – The Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for its final successful mission

1987 – American author, Joseph Campbell, dies

1991 – BET Holdings Inc., becomes the first African-American company listed on the New York Stock Exchange

1991 – The so-called “perfect storm” hits the North Atlantic producing remarkably large waves along the New England and Canadian coasts. Over the next several days, the storm spread its fury over the ocean off the coast of Canada. The fishing boat Andrea Gail and its six-member crew were lost in the storm. The disaster spawned the best-selling book and blockbuster Hollywood movie: The Perfect Storm

1995 – By a majority of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, citizens of the province of Quebec vote to remain within the federation of Canada

2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) that was destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden in WWII is rededicated

2006 – American anthropologist, Clifford Geertz, dies

2009 – French anthropologist, Claude Levi-Strauss, dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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