This Day in History - October 15

October 15

70 BC – Roman poet, Virgil, is born

1529 – Suleiman and his Ottoman armies end their siege of Vienna and go back to Belgrade

1582 – The Gregorian aka New World calendar is adopted in Italy, France, Spain and Portugal and the preceding ten days are lost to history

1780 – The British, Hessians, Loyalists and Indians attempt an unsuccessful attack on Middleburgh (Middle Fort) New York during the Revolutionary War

1783 – Francois Pilatre de Rozier makes the first manned flight in a hot air balloon

1813 – The Indian Chief, Tecumseh, now a brigadier general in the British Army, is killed in the defeat of the British on the Thames River in Canada during the War of 1812

1817 – Polish and American General, Tadeusz Kosciuszko, dies

1830 – Writer and poet, Helen Hunt Jackson, is born

1844 – German philosopher and writer, Friedrich Nietzsche, is born

1863 – For the second time, the Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor, this time drowning its inventor and seven crew members

1878 – Edison Electric Light Co. is founded by Thomas Edison

1880 – Feared leader of the Minbreno Apache, Victorio, is killed by Mexican troops in northwestern Chihuahua, Mexico

1881 – Novelist and playwright P.G. Wodehouse is born

1892 – Four of the five members of the Dalton gang are killed, and Emmet Dalton is seriously wounded, during an attempt to rob two banks in Coffeyville, Kansas

1894 – A Jewish army officer, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, is arrested for betraying military secrets to Germany

1905 – Novelist, C.P. Snow, is born

1908 – Economist, writer, and diplomat, John Kenneth Galbraith, is born

1910 – Swedish cytologist and geneticist, Torbjorn Oskar Caspersson, is born

1914 – Congress passes the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, exempting unions from anti-trust laws, strikes, picketing and boycotting become legal, corporate interlocking directorates become illegal as does setting prices which would affect a monopoly

1917 – A dancer in Paris, Mata Hari, is executed by the French after being convicted of passing military secrets to the Germans

1917 – Historian and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Arthur Schlesinger Jr., is born

1920 – Novelist and screenwriter, Mario Puzo, is born

1923 – Italian novelist, Italo Calvino, is born

1924 – Engineer, businessman, and CEO of Chrysler Corp that is credited with saving it from extinction, Lee Iacocca, is born

1924 – The German ZR-3 flies 5000 miles, the furthest Zeppelin flight to date

1926 – Author and screenwriter, Evan Hunter, aka Salvatore Albert Lombino and Ed McBain, is born

1926 – French philosopher, Michel Foucault, is born

1931 – 11th President of India, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, is born

1938 – Nigerian singer, songwriter, activist, and musician, Fela Kuti, is born

1940 – Veterinary surgeon and Nobel Prize-winning medical researcher, named Australian of the Year in 1997, Peter C. Doherty, is born

1941 – A Russian port on the Black Sea, Odessa, is evacuated by Russian troops as the Germans surround it

1942 – Actress, producer, and director, Penny Marshall, is born

1944 – British politician who served as First Minister of Northern Ireland and who shared Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating the Good Friday Agreement, William David Trimble aka Baron Trimble, is born

1945 – Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval is executed by firing squad for his wartime collaboration with the Germans

1946 – Commander in chief of the Luftwaffe, president of the Reichstag, head of the Gestapo, prime minister of Prussia, chief forester of the Reich, chief liquidator of sequestered estates, supreme head of the National Weather Bureau and Hitler’s designated successor, Herman Goering, commits suicide by taking a cyanide tablet after being caught during World War II by the US, tried and convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to be hanged

1948 – Arthur Eggers, who was convicted of killing his wife, Dorothy because of alleged promiscuity, is executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin Prison

1948 – Future president Gerald Ford marries Elizabeth Anne “Betty” Bloomer

1950 – President Truman meets with General MacArthur at Wake Island to discuss UN progress in the Korean War

1954 – Hurricane Hazel rips into southern Ontario, Canada after killing more than 400 people on its trip from Jamaica to Canada

1954 – Princess Friederike of Hanover is born

1959 – Ukrainian politician, Stepan Bandera, dies

1960 – Author, Michael Lewis, is born

1964 – American composer Cole Porter dies

1965 – In a demonstration staged by the student-run National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam, the first public burning of a draft card in the United States takes place

1966 – U.S. troops move into Tay Ninh Province near the Cambodian border, about 50 miles north of Saigon, and sweep the area in search of Viet Cong as part of Operation Attleboro, which had begun in September

1966 – Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale establish the Black Panther Party

1969 – Rallies for the Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam draw over 2 million demonstrators across the US

1987 – The Great Storm of 1987 strikes the UK and Europe during the night killing over 20 people and causing widespread damage

1989 – Wayne Gretzky, Canadian hockey player, makes his 1,851st goal breaking the all-time scoring record in the NHL

1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the USSR, receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in making his country more open and reducing Cold War tension

1991 – Clarence Thomas is confirmed to the Supreme Court

1997 – Andy Green of the UK becomes the first person to break the sound barrier in the Earth’s atmosphere, driving the ThrustSSCsupersonic car to a record 763 mph

2003 – China launches its first manned space mission, Shenzhou I

2005 – Count of Monpezat, Prince Christian of Denmark, is born

2007 – New Zealand police arrest 17 people believed to be part of a paramilitary training camp

2007 – Drew Carey debuts as the new host of “The Price is Right”

2008 – Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 733.08 points, the second largest percentage drop in the Dow’s history

2011 – Protests break out in countries around the globe, under the slogan “United for Global Democracy”


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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