This Day in History - October 5

October 5

1762 – The British fleet bombards and captures Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines

1775 – During the American Revolution, General George Washington writes to John Hancock, to inform him of espionage, involving Dr. Benjamin Church, a member of the Provincial Congress who had sworn allegiance to the British crown. Church was sentenced to life in prison, then exiled to the West Indies although the ship in which he traveled is believed to be lost at sea

1795 – Napoleon Bonaparte accepts the counterrevolutionaries’ formal surrender in Paris

1813 – The US is victorious at the Battle of the Thames in Ontario, breaking Britain’s Indian allies with the death of Shawnee Chief Tecumseh and making the Detroit frontier safe

1813 – American tribal leader, Tecumseh, dies

1821 – Greek rebels capture Tripolitsa, the main Turkish fort in the Peloponnese area of Greece

1829 – 21st president of the US, Chester A. Arthur, is born

1864 – At the Battle of Allatoona, a small Union post is saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood’s army during the Civil War

1877 – Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrenders to Colonel Nelson Miles in Montana Territory, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short

1880 – The first ball-point pen is patented by Alonzo T. Cross

1880 – German and French composer, Jacques Offenbach, dies

1882 – Outlaw Frank James surrenders in Missouri six months after his brother Jesse’s assassination

1882 – American rocket scientist, Robert Goddard, is born

1892 – The Dalton gang attempts to rob two banks simultaneously in Coffeyville, Kansas but is stopped by the townspeople who kill four of the five bandits

1902 – Founder of the McDonald’s hamburger franchise, Ray Kroc, is born

1910 – King Manuel II is overthrown and Portugal becomes a republic

1911 – Irish novelist and playwright, Flann O’Brien, is born

1915 – At the request of the Greek prime minister, Eleutherios Venizelos, Britain and France agree on October 5, 1915, to land troops at the city of Salonika (now Thessaloniki), in northern Greece, during World War I

1915 – Germany issues an apology and promises for payment for the 128 American passengers killed in the sinking of the British ship, Lusitania

1915 – Bulgaria enters World War I on the side of the Central Powers

1919 – Enzo Ferrari makes his debut as a race car driver in Parma, Italy, finishing fourth

1921 – The World Series is broadcast on the radio for the first time

1927 – American film producer and co-founder of Warner Bros., Sam Warner, dies

1930 – A British blimp crashes in Beauvais, France, killing 49 people

1931 – Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon complete the first heavier than air nonstop flight over the Pacific, lasting 41 hours, 31 minutes and covered 5,000 miles

1936 – Vaclav Havel, Czech dissident dramatist who became the first freely elected president of Czechoslovakia in 55 years, is born

1937 – Coach of the University of Oklahoma, coach of the Dallas Cowboys, Barry Switzer, is born

1938 – Germany invalidates Jews’ passports

1941 – American jurist Louis Brandeis dies

1942 – On this day in 1942, Joseph Stalin, premier, and dictator of the Soviet Union, sends a telegram to the German and Soviet front at Stalingrad, exhorting his forces to victory. “That part of Stalingrad which has been captured must be liberated”

1943 – Imperial Japanese forces execute 98 American POWs on Wake Island during World War II

1943 – Singer, songwriter, guitarist Steve Miller is born

1947 – President Harry Truman delivers the first televised White House address

1948 – A magnitude 7.3 earthquake near Ashgabat in the USSR kills tens of thousands; estimates range from 110,000 to 176,000

1952 – Author and director, Clive Barker, is born

1953 – New York Yankees win their fifth series in a row

1957 – Comedian and actor, Bernie Mac, is born

1958 – American astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson is born

1959 – American architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C., Maya Lin, is born

1962 – The first James Bond film, Dr. No, starring Sean Connery debuts

1962 = The Beatles released their first hit, “Love Me Do,” in Britain

1963 – England’s top professional female golfer, Laura Davies, is born

1963 – Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge reports to President John Kennedy from Saigon that the South Vietnamese are planning a coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem during the Vietnam War

1964 – President Johnson receives pushback from his own party who are disturbed by reports that his administration is preparing to escalate operations in Vietnam

1965 – Hockey player, Mario Lemieux, is born

1965 – US forces in Saigon receive permission to use tear gas during Vietnam

1966 – A sodium Collin system malfunction causes a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit although radiation is contained

1968 – Police attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland

1969 – Monty Python’s Flying Circus debuts on BBC One

1969 – Cuban defector enters U.S. airspace undetected and lands his Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base, south of Miami, Florida

1970 – The US Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is established

1970 – Members of the Quebec Liberation Front kidnap British Trade Commissioner James Cross in Montreal, resulting in the October Crisis and Canada’s first peacetime use of the War Measures Act

1974 – American David Kunst completes the first round-the-world journey on foot

1975 – English actress and singer, Kate Winslet, is born

1978 – Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature

1986 – Britain’s The Sunday Times publishes details of Israel’s secret nuclear weapons development program

1986 – Eugene Hasenfus is captured by troops of the Sandinista regime in Nicaragua after a plane he was flying is shot down; under questioning, Hasenfus confessed that he was shipping military supplies into Nicaragua for use by the Contras, an anti-Sandinista force that been created and funded by the US and run by the CIA thus beginning the unraveling President Ronald Reagan’s Iran-Contra scandal

1988 – Brazil’s Constituent Assembly authorizes the nation’s new constitution

1989 – The Dalai Lama, the exiled religious and political leader of Tibet, is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his nonviolent campaign to end the Chinese domination of Tibet

1990 – On this day in 1990, Henry & June, starring Uma Thurman, Fred Ward, and Maria de Medeiros and inspired by the novel of the same name by Anais Nin, opens in theaters as the first film with an NC-17 rating

1990 – Cincinnati’s Contemporary Arts Center and its director were acquitted of obscenity charges resulting from an exhibit of Robert Mapplethorpe’s photograph

2000 – Slobodan Milosevic, president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, resins in the wake of mass protest demonstrations

2001 – Barry Bonds broke Mark McGwire’s record of 71 home runs in one season when he hit his 71st and 72nd homers

2011 – Founder of Apple, Steve Jobs, dies of complications related to pancreatic cancer


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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