This Day in History - September 30

September 30

1207 – Persian mystic and poet Rumi is born

1399 – Richard II is deposed, and Henry Bolingbroke is proclaimed Henry IV of England

1568 – Eric XIV, king of Sweden, is deposed after showing signs of madness

1630 – John Billington, one of the original pilgrims who sailed to the New World on the Mayflower, becomes the first man executed in the English colonies, hanged for having shot another man in a quarrel

1703 – The French, at Hochstadt in the War of the Spanish Succession, suffer only 1,000 casualties compared to the 11,000 of their opponents, the Austrians of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I

1776 – General George Washington writes a letter to his nephew, Lund Washington, plantation manager of Mount Vernon, about his displeasure with the poor conduct and performance of the American militia, blaming them for the devastating loss of Long Island and Manhattan to the British during the Revolutionary War

1791 – Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time in Vienna

1846 – The first anesthetized tooth extraction is performed by Dr. William Morton in Charleston, Massachusetts

1852 – Irish composer Charles Villers Stanford is born

1861 – William Wrigley Jr., the founder of the Wrigley chewing gum empire and owner of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, is born

1863 – German admiral who commanded the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland, Reinhard von Scheer, is born

1864 – Confederate troops fail to retake Fort Harrison from the Union forces during the siege of Petersburg in the Battle of Poplar Springs Church during the Civil War

1868 – The first volume of Louisa May Alcott’s Little Women is published

1889 – Wyoming legislators write the first state constitution granting women the right to vote, making Wyoming the first state in the history of the nation to do so

1897 – French nun, Therese of Lisieux, dies

1908 – Violinist, David Oistrakh, is born

1911 – Italy declares war on Turkey over control of Tripoli

1918 – Bulgaria pulls out of World War I

1918 – Turkish authorities abandon Damascus as Allied forces approach during World War I

1918 – President Woodrow Wilson gives a speech before Congress in favor of giving women the right to vote. The House of Representatives had already voted in favor, but the measure still had to get the approval of the Senate

1924 – Author and playwright, Truman Capote, is born

1927 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, W.S. Merwin, is born

1927 – Babe Ruth hits his 60th home run of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City

1928 – Holocaust survivor and writer, Elie Wiesel, is born

1935 – Singer, Johnny Mathis, is born

1935 – George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess opens at the Colonial Theatre in Boston

1938 – Under German threats of war, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy sign an accord known as the Munich Pact, permitting Germany to take control of Sudetenland-a region of Czechoslovakia inhabited by a German-speaking minority

1939 – The French Army is called back into France from its invasion of Germany. The attack, code-named Operation Saar, only penetrated five miles

1941 – Unconventional professor of English at the University of Connecticut in Storrs who was the inspiration for the character of Mr. Keating in the movie Dead Poets Society, Samuel F. Pickering Jr., is born

1941 – American heiress, Alice de Janze, dies

1942 – German pilot, Hans-Joachim Marseille, dies

1943 – The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps becomes the Women’s Army Corps, a regular contingent of the US Army with the same status as other army service corps

1946 – 22 Nazi leaders were found guilty at the Nuremberg trials

1949 – The Berlin Airlift is officially halted after 277,264 flights

1950 – UN forces cross the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursue the retreating North Korean Army

1954 – The first atomic-powered submarine, the Nautilus, is commissioned in Groton, Connecticut

1954 – NATO nations agree to arm and admit West Germany

1955 – Engineer and co-founder of Sun Microsystems, Andy Bechtolsheim is born

1955 – Actor and teen idol James Dean is killed in a car crash while driving his Porsche on his way to enter it into a race in Salinas, California

1958 – Singer, songwriter, and musician, Marty Stuart, is born

1960 – Fifteen African nations are admitted to the UN

1962 – US Marshals escort James H. Meredith into the University of Mississippi, and two die in the ensuing violence

1964 – The first large-scale antiwar demonstration in the US takes place at the University of California at Berkeley during Vietnam

1965 – President Lyndon Johnson signs legislation that establishes the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities

1965 – The 30 September Movement unsuccessfully attempts coup against Indonesian government; an anti-communist purge in the aftermath results in over 500,000 deaths

1966 – Bechuanaland ceases to be a British protectorate and becomes the independent Republic of Botswana

1968 – Democratic presidential candidate Hubert Humphrey announces that if elected, he would halt the bombing of the North during the Vietnam War, should they give any “evidence, direct or indirect, by deed or word, of communist willingness” to restore the DMZ between North and South Vietnam

1972 – Pro baseball great Roberto Clemente hits his 3,000th and final hit of his career

1974 – Chinese-American actor, director, and producer, Daniel Wu, is born

1975 – The AH-64 Apache attack helicopter makes its first flight

1983 – American football player, Adam Jones, is born

1987 – American author, Alfred Bester, dies

1994 – Aldwych tube station, formerly known as Strand Station, of the London Underground transit system, closes after 88 years

1994 – 22-year old Texas A&M University student Ronald Shamburger kills Lori Ann Baker, his ex-girlfriend, by shooting her in the head. He then torched her home to remove evidence but left his car keys inside by mistake. He surrendered to police outside the burning house, was sentenced to death for the crime, and was executed by lethal injection in Huntsville, Texas in 2002

1999 – Japan’s second-worst nuclear accident occurs at a uranium processing facility in Tokaimura, killing two technicians

2005 – Michael Eisner resigns as the chief executive officer of the Walt Disney Company

2009 – Earthquakes in Sumatra kill more than 1,115 people


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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