This Day in History - March 20

March 20

43 BC – Roman poet, Ovid, is born

1345 – Black Death aka the Plague, is created according to scholars at the University of Paris, although in actuality, it is a bacteria transmitted by fleas

1413 – Henry IV of England is succeeded by his son, Henry V

1602 – The Dutch East India Company is established

1726 – English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and theologian, Sir Isaac Newton, dies

1739 – In India, Nadir Shah of Persia occupies Delhi and takes possession of the Peacock throne

1760 – The Great Fire of Boston destroys nearly 350 buildings

1778 – France’s King Louis XVI receives Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee

1792 – In Paris, the Legislative Assembly approves the use of the guillotine

1793 – Scottish judge and politician William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, dies

1811 – Napoleon II, son of Napoleon Bonaparte, is born

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte enters Paris to begin his 100-day rule

1823 – Writer Ned Buntline is born

1828 – Dramatist Henrik Ibsen is born

1841 – Edgar Allen Poe’s The Murders in the Rue Morgue is published, as is considered to be the first detective story

1852 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published

1854 – Former members of the Whig Party meet to establish the Republican Party in Wisconsin

1861 – President Abraham Lincoln’s sons, Willie and Tad, are diagnosed with measles

1890 – German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Otto van Bismarck

1897 – Russian poet Apollon Maykov dies

1904 – American psychologist BF Skinner is born

1906 – Army officers in Russia mutiny at Sevastopol

1915 – The French call off the Champagne offensive

1915 – The British government sign a secret agreement with Russia regarding a hypothetical post-World War I division of the former Ottoman Empire

1916 – Albert Einstein presents his general theory of relativity

1917 – British singer Dame Vera Lynn is born

1918 – The Bosheviks of the Soviet Union ask for American aid to rebuild their army

1922 – President Warren Harding orders troops back from the Rhineland

1922 – Radio comedian Raymond Walter Goulding is born

1925 – White House advisor to President Nixon, John Ehrlichman is born

1925 – Governor-General of India, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dies

1928 – Packard Motor Company co-founder, James Packard, dies

1928 – Television performer Fred Rogers is born

1932 – The German dirigible, Graf Zepplin, makes the first flight to South America on a regular schedule

1933 – Construction of Dachau, first Nazi concentration camp, is completed

1934 – Mildrid “Babe” Didrikson pitches one inning of exhibition baseball for the Philadelphia Athletics against the Brooklyn Dodgers

1939 – President Franklin Roosevelt names William Douglas to the Supreme Court

1939 – 18th Prime Minister of Canada, Brian Mulroney is born

1940 – The British Royal Air Force conducts an all-night air raid on the Nazi airbase at Sylt

1943 – The Allies attack Field Marshall Erwin Rommel’s forces on the Mareth Line in North Africa

1945 – British General William Slim captures the Burmese city of Mandalay from the Japanese

1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is selected as one of five men named to Secretariat of the Communist Party

1957 – Film director Shelton “Spike” Lee is born

1959 – American wrestler Sting is born

1965 – President Lyndon Johnson orders 4,000 troops to protect the Selma-Montgomery civil rights marchers

1969 – Senator Edward Kennedy calls on the US to close Taiwan bases

1969 – Singer John Lennon marries Yoko Ono

1976 – Patty Hearst is convicted of armed robbery

1982 – US scientists return from Antarctica with first land mammal fossils found there

1984 – Spanish soccer player Fernando Torres is born

1987 – The US approves a drug proven to slow the process of AIDS

1990 – Namibia becomes an independent nation

1995 – Sarin gas is set off in the Tokyo subway by members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult, system killing twelve and injuring more than 5,000

1999 – Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first people to fly a hot-air balloon around the world

2003 – Ground troops enter Iraq

2004 – Juliana of the Netherlands dies

2016 – Barack Hussein Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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