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This Day in History - September 5

September 5

1568 – Italian philosopher and poet, Tommaso Campanella, is born

1638 – Louis XIV, “The Sun King” of France who will build the palace at Versailles, is born

1666 – Firefighters in London begin blowing up homes in their desperate attempt to put out the fire that took the homes of over 100,000 people

1664 – The Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British, who will rename it New York

1698 – A tax is levied on bearded men by Russia’s Peter the Great

1774 – The first session of the Continental Congress convenes at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia

1792 – Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the National Convention in France

1804 – US Navy lieutenant Richard Somers and his crew are buried at Tripoli after their ship, USS Intrepid, exploded

1816 – Louis XVIII of France dissolves the chamber of deputies after challenging his authority

1836 – Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas

1847 – Legendary outlaw, Jesse James, is born

1859 – The first US novel by an African American woman, Harriot E. Wilson’s, Our Nig, is published

1863 – Charles Francis Adams, the US Foreign Minister to Great Britain, sends a letter to the British government warning that if they allow a pair of ironclad ships to set sail, war could break out between the two nations

1867 – The first shipment of cattle leaves Abilene, Kansas, on a Union Pacific train headed for Chicago

1870 – Author Victor Hugo returns to Paris after living on the Isle of Guernsey in exile for nearly 20 years

1877 – Sioux warrior Crazy Horse is killed by a bayonet at the age of 36 by a soldier at Fort Robinson, Nebraska

1878 – Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Bill Tilghman and Clay Allison, four of the Old West’s most famous gunmen, meet in Dodge City, Kansas

1897 – Founder of the Nielsen Ratings, A.C. Nielsen, is born

1905 – Hungarian novelist, Arthur Koestler, is born

1905 – The Russian-Japanese War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Portsmouth

1910 – Marie Curie transforms radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France

1912 – One of the “Nine Old Men” among Walt Disney’s team of animators, Franklin “Frank” Thomas, is born

1914 – The Battle of the Marne begins between the French and Germany during World War I

1921 – American film executive who created the Motion Picture Association of America, Jack Valenti, is born

1929 – TV actor and comedian, Bob Newhart, is born

1934 – Actress and singer, Carol Lawrence, is born

1940 – Actress, Raquel Welch, is born

1942 – Director, screenwriter, actor, and producer, Werner Herzog, is born

1943 – US forces occupy Nazdab in Papua New Guinea during World War II

1944 – Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France

1945 – Singer, songwriter, and musician, Al Stewart, is born

1945 – Australian cricket player, Clem Hill, dies

1946 – English and Tanzanian singer, songwriter, and producer, Freddie Mercury, is born

1950 – Cartoonist, Cathy Guisewite, is born

1953 – Military historian, columnist, and winner of National Humanities Award, Victor Davis Hanson, is born

1958 – Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested in Alabama during a protest for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey police

1957 – Jack Kerouac’s On the Road is published

1958 – Boris Pasternak’s romantic novel, Dr. Zhivago, is published in the US

1960 – Poet and politician, Leopold Sedar Sengingor, is elected president of Senegal, Africa

1964 – “House of The Rising Sun” by the Animals tops the charts

1969 – Charges are brought against US lieutenant William Calley in the March 1968 My Lai Massacre during the Vietnam War

1970 – US forces launch the last major large-scale military operations, Operation Jefferson Glenn, during the Vietnam War

1972 – The “Black September” incident involving a Palestinian terror group taking 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich takes place. By midnight, all hostages and all but three terrorists are dead

1975 – President Gerald Ford evades an assassination attempt in Sacramento, California

1977 – Voyager 1 space probe is launched

1977 – A powerful German business executive, Hanns-Martin Schleyer, is abducted by the left-wing extremist group Red Army Faction, who will execute him on Oct. 18

1978 – Discussions of peace take place between Israel’s Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Anwar Sadat at Camp David, Md

1980 – Switzerland’s St. Gotthard Tunnel, the world’s longest, stretching 10.14 miles from Goschenen to Airolo opens

1982 – English pilot, Douglas Bader, dies

1984 – Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage

1986 – Football player, Colt McCoy, is born

1989 – Actress, model, singer, and dancer, Katerina Graham, is born

1996 – Hurricane Fran comes ashore near Cape Fear, North Carolina. It will kill 27 people and do more than $3 billion in damages

1997 – Mother Teresa dies

1997 – Hungarian conductor, Georg Solti, dies

2005 – Katie Couric makes her highly publicized debut as the first female solo anchor of a weekday network evening news broadcast on CBS

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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