This Day in History - July 22

July 22

1298 – King Edward I defeats the Scots under William Wallace at Falkirk

1515 – Emperor Maximilian and Vladislav of Bohemia forge an alliance between the Hapsburg and Jagiello dynasties in Vienna

1598 – William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice, is entered on the Stationers’ Register, licensing printed works on authority of the Crown

1652 – Prince Conde’s rebels narrowly defeat Chief Minister Mazarin’s loyalist forces at St. Martin, near Paris

1779 – Mohawk Indian Chief Joseph Brant leads a mixed force of Indians and Loyalists in surrounding a force of 120 colonial militiamen from New York and New Jersey at the Battle of Minisink Ford, New York

1789 – Thomas Jefferson becomes the first head of the US Dept. of Foreign Affairs

1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico

1812 – A British army under the Duke of Wellington defeats the French at Salamanca, Spain

1814 – Five Indian tribes in Ohio make peace with the US and declare war on Britain

1822 – Austrian botanist and genetics pioneer, Gregor Johann Mendel, is born

1849 – American poet, Emma Lazarus, is born

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln informs his chief advisors that he will issue a proclamation to free the slaves

1864 – The Battle of Atlanta continues with General William Sherman holding his line

1881 – Author, Margery Williams Bianco, is born

1881 – The first volume of The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, is published

1882 – Painter, Edward Hopper, is born

1887 – German physicist, Gustav Hertz, is born

1888 – Biochemist, Selman Abraham, is born

1893 – American physician and founder of the Menninger Foundation, Karl Menninger, is born

1894 – The first automobile race takes place between Paris and Rouen, France

1898 – Poet and writer, Stephen Vincent Benet, is born

1898 – Sculptor, Alexander Calder, is born

1908 – Journalist, Amy Vanderbilt, is born

1916 – A bomb at a Preparedness Day parade on Market Street in San Francisco kills 10

1916 – American poet, James Whitcomb Riley, dies

1923 – US Senator and presidential candidate, Robert Dole, is born

1923 – John Herbert Dillinger joins the Navy to avoid charges of auto theft in Indiana

1923 – American wrestler, The Fabulous Moolah, is born

1932 – Playwright, Megan Terry, is born

1933 – Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York after flying solo around the world in 7 days, 18 hours and 49 minutes-the first aviator to accomplish the feat

1934 – American gangster John Dillinger is shot dead by FBI officers outside a Chicago cinema

1936 – Novelist, Tom Robbins, is born

1938 – The Third Reich issues special identity cards for Jewish Germans

1942 – The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto begins and thousands are rounded up and transported to a concentration/extermination camp at Treblinka in Poland

1943 – Palermo, Sicily surrenders to General George Patton’s Seventh Army

1946 – Screenwriter and film director, Paul Schrader, is born

1946 – Actor, Danny Glover, is born

1950 – 10th Prime Minister of Canada William Lyon Mackenzie King dies

1965 – American wrestler Shawn Michaels is born

1966 – B-52 bombers hit the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam for the first time

1969 – German and Greek singer and actress, Despina Vandi, is born

1987 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev indicates that he will accept ban on intermediate-range nuclear missiles

1990 – American Greg LeMond wins his third Tour de France

1991 – Police spot Tracy Edwards running down the street in handcuffs, leading them to Jeffrey Dahmer’s apartment.  There, authorities discover Polaroid photos of dismembered bodies, prompting them to do a full search.  Their search turned up decomposing bodies in chemicals in a 57-gallon drum, human heads in the refrigerator and freezer and human skulls on top of the computer, as well as evidence that he had been eating some of his victims as well.  Eleven victims were found although Dahmer confessed to 17 murders and he was sentenced to 15 life terms.  He was killed in prison by another inmate in 1994

1992 – Actress and singer, Selena Gomez, is born

1993 – The levee holding back the flooding Mississippi River ruptures, flooding Kaskaskia, Illinois and killing 53.  $18 billion in damages occurred by the Mississippi flood

1995 – English cricket player, Harold Larwood, dies

2002 – Governor Gray Davis of California signs a stringent law regulating emissions from automobiles

2003 – US Army Private Jessica Lynch, a POW who was rescued from an Iraqi hospital, returns to her hometown of Palestine, West Virginia

2003 – Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein’s sons, Qusay and Uday Hussein, are killed after a three-hour firefight with US forces in Mosul, Iraq

2007 – German actor, Ulrich Muhe, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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