This Day in History - January 24

January 24

41 – Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar, aka Caligula, is assassinated by two Praetorian tribunes, shortly after declaring himself a god

41 – Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as the new Roman Emperor

76 – Roman Emperor Hadrian is born

1458 – Matthias Corvinus, son of John Hunyadi, is elected King of Hungary

1639 – The first constitution in the New World, the Fundamental Orders, is written

1712 – Frederick II the Great, King of Prussia, is born

1722 – Russian Czar Peter the Great issues the “Table of Rank,” declaring a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions

1732 – French dramatist Pierre de Beaumarchais is born

1776 – German author E.T.A. Hoffmann is born

1781 – Patriot commanders Lieutenant Colonel Light Horse Henry Lee and Brigadier General Francis Swamp Fox Marion of the South Carolina militia combine forces to raid Georgetown, South Carolina

1835 – The Male Revolt, a slave revolt instrumental in ending slavery, takes place in Brazil

1848 – James Wilson Marshall discovers gold at his partner Johann August Sutter’s sawmill near Coloma, California.  The gold rush would begin as soon as this news is announced by President Polk

1857 – The University of Calcutta is founded

1862 – US novelist Edith Wharton is born

1865 – Confederate Congress agrees to prisoner exchanges

1871 – Albert Russell Erskine, businessman who headed Studebaker, is born

1895 – English politician Lord Randolph Churchill dies

1899 – Humphrey O’Sullivan patents the rubber heel for shoes and boots

1903 – US Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border

1908 – The Boy Scout movement begins in England with the publication of Robert Baden-Powell’s Scouting for Boys

1911 – US Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War

1915 – The German cruiser Blucher is sunk by the British in the Battle of Dogger Bank

1927 – A British expeditionary force of 12,000 is sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai

1931 – The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia

1935 – Canned beer goes on sale for the first time-Krueger’s Finest Beer and Krueger’s Cream Ale

1939 – An 8.3-magnitude earthquake kills 50,000 and injures 60,000 in south-central Chile near the city of Chillan

1941 – Singer, songwriter, and guitarist Neil Diamond is born

1943 – German General Friedrich von Paulus, commander in chief of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad, requests permission to surrender his position from Adolf Hitler.  Hitler refuses

1943 – The Casablanca Conference with Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill concludes

1943 – Actress Sharon Tate is born

1945 – A German attempt to relieve Budapest is stopped by the Soviets

1946 – The UN establishes the International Atomic Energy Commission, the first resolution of the UN

1951 – Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea

1956 – Look magazine publishes the confession of J.W. Milam and Roy Brant, the two Mississippi men who were acquitted in the 1955 kidnapping and murder of Emmett Louis Till.  Till, allegedly, whistled at a white woman and thus the two men beat him, shot him and threw him into the Tallahatchie River with a cotton gin fan attached with barbed wire to his neck, to weigh him down

1965 – Winston Churchill dies from cerebral thrombosis

1966 – Operation Masher/White Wing/Thang Phong II is launched to sweep through Binh Dinh Province.  It is the largest search-and-destroy operation to date

1970 – President Richard Nixon honors Eugene Ormandy, conductor and music director of the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, the Presidential Medal of Freedom

1972 – Local farmers find Shoichi Yokoi, a Japanese sergeant, hiding in the jungles in Guam, unaware that World War II had ended.  Yokoi had carved survival tools and waited for three decades on the returning Japanese.  Hailed as a national hero, his tools and uniform are on display in the Guam Museum in Agana

1973 – National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger announces an expected truce in Laos and Cambodia

1980 – The US announces intentions to sell arms to China, as reaction to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

1981 – Mike Bossy, of the New York Islanders, scores his 50th goal in the first 50 games of the season.  He was the second player in NHL history to do so

1982 – A report on Air Force history declares the US secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War

1984 – The Apple Macintosh computer goes on sale

1986 – Voyager Two space probe passes within 51,000 miles of Uranus

1986 – Author and founder of the Church of Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard dies

1989 – Serial killer Ted Bundy dies

1990 – Japan launches its first lunar probe, the Hiten, and the first deep space probe that executed an aerobraking maneuver

1993 – The first black to sit on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, dies

2003 – The Department of Homeland Security becomes a cabinet department

2006 – Walt Disney Company announces a $7.4 billion purchase of Pixar

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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