This Day in History - July 27

July 27

1214 – At the Battle of Bouvines in France, Philip Augustus of France defeats John of England

1245 – Frederick II is deposed by a council at Lyons, which found him guilty of sacrilege

1586 – Sir Walter Raleigh returns to England from Virginia

1663 – The British Parliament passes a second Navigation Act, requiring all goods bound for the colonies be sent in British ships from British ports

1689 – The Scottish Jacobites experience a victory over government-supporting clans at the Battle of Killiecrankie

1768 – French revolutionary and assassin, Charlotte Corday, is born

1776 – The secret Congressional emissary to France, Silas Deane, writes a letter to Congress, informing them that he has been successful beyond expectations in France

1777 – Scottish writer, Thomas Campbell, is born

1777 – The Marquis of Lafayette arrives in New England to help fight the British

1778 – British and French fleets fight to a standoff in the first Battle of Ushant

1793 – Robespierre becomes a member of the Committee of Public Safety

1794 – Maximilien Robespierre, the architect of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, is overthrown and arrested by the National Convention

1806 – Meriwether Lewis shoots an Indian in the stomach, trying to stop a band of Blackfoot Indians from stealing his horses

1824 – French author, Alexandre Dumas, is born

1861 – President Abraham Lincoln replaces General Irwin McDowell with General George B. McClellan as head of the Army of the Potomac

1863 – Confederate, William Lowndes Yancey, dies

1870 – French writer, Hilaire Belloc, is born

1905 – The International Workers of the World found their labor organization in Chicago

1906 – Baseball player and manager, Leo Durocher, is born

1908 – Writer, Joseph Mitchell, is born

1909 – Orville Wright sets a world record for staying aloft in an airplane-one hour, 12 minutes and 40 seconds

1914 – British troops invade the streets of Dublin, Ireland, and begin to disarm Irish rebels

1916 – Novelist, Elizabeth Hardwick, is born

1916 – German officials execute Captain Charles Fryatt, the former commander of the Great Eastern Railway steamship Brussels after a German court martial found him guilty of attacking a German submarine

1921 – Canadians Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

1930 – English novelist, David Hughes, is born

1939 – Irish poet, Michael Longley, is born

1940 – Indian novelist, Bharati Mukherjee, is born

1943 – Due to German advances in Russian territory, Dictator and Premier Joseph Stalin issues the “Not one step backward” order, declaring cowards by liquidated on the spot and for nobody to move from position without permission regardless

1944 – US troops complete the liberation of Guam

1946 – American poet and art collector, Gertrude Stein, dies

1948 – American baseball player, Joe Tinker, dies

1949 – The world’s first jet-propelled airliner, the British De Havilland Comet, makes its first test flight in England

1953 – Representatives of the UN, Korea, and China sign an armistice at Panmunjom, Korea, ending the Korean War

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson sends an additional 5,000 advisers to South Vietnam

1965 – 46 US F-105 fighter-bombers attack a North Vietnamese missile air defense site that had fired at US planes

1969 – Actor and wrestler, Triple H, is born

1974 – The House Judiciary Committee recommends that President Richard Nixon be impeached

1975 – Baseball player, Alex Rodriguez is born

1980 – Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran dies in Cairo, Egypt

1980 – American wrestler Dolph Ziggler is born

1981 – William Wyler, director of Ben Hur, dies

1981 – Six-year-old Adam John Walsh is abducted from a mall in Hollywood, Florida, and later found murdered.  In the aftermath, his father John became a leading victim’s rights activist and the host of America’s Most Wanted

1993 – Israeli guns and aircraft pound southern Lebanon in reprisal for rocket attacks by Hezbollah guerrillas

1993 – Boston Celtics star Reggie Lewis dies

1996 – A pipe bomb explodes in Centennial Olympic Park during the XXVI Summer Olympiad, killing two and injuring over 100 others

2002 – The largest air show disaster in history occurs when a Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine, killing 85 and injuring over 100

2003 – Actor and comedian, Bob Hope, dies

2015 – 11th President of India, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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