This Day in History - July 2

July 2

1298 – An army under Albert of Austria defeats forces led by Adolf of Nassau

1489 – Thomas Cranmer, first Protestant archbishop of Canterbury, is born

1566 – French astrologer, Nostradamus, dies

1625 – The Spanish army takes Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege

1644 – Oliver Cromwell crushes the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor

1747 – Marshall Saxe leads the French forces to victory over an Anglo-Dutch force under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Lauffeld

1776 – The Continental Congress resolves with the Declaration of Independence that the American colonies “are, and of right ought to be, free and Independent States”

1778 – Swiss polymath and philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, dies

1809 – Shawnee Chief Tecumseh calls on Indians to unite and resist whites encroaching on Native American lands

1822 – Denmark Vesey is executed in Charleston, South Carolina, for planning a massive slave revolt

1839 – Africans on the Cuban schooner Amistad rise up against their captors, killing two crewmembers and seizing control of the ship that had been transporting them to a life of slavery on a sugar plantation in Puerto Principe, Cuba

1858 – Czar Alexander II frees the serfs working on imperial lands

1863 – The Union left flank holds at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg

1877 – German poet and novelist, Hermann Hesse, is born

1881 – Charles J. Guiteau fatally wounds President James Garfield in Washington, DC

1894 – Photographer, Andre Kertesz, is born

1900 – English theater director, Tyrone Guthrie, is born

1900 – Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, a retired Prussian army officer, successfully demonstrates the world’s first rigid airship, the Zeppelin, over Lake Constance in Germany

1908 – First black Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall, is born

1914 – British politician, Joseph Chamberlain, dies

1916 – Radio talk show host, Barry Gray, is born

1917 – Greece declares war on the Central Powers, ending three years of neutrality by entering WWI alongside the Allies

1918 – President of NBC, Robert Sarnoff, is born

1925 – First Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Patrice Lumumba, is born

1926 – American civil rights activist, Medgar Evers, is born

1926 – Congress establishes the Army Air Corps

1937 – American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears in the Central Pacific during an attempt to fly around the world

1938 – After being the dominant player in women’s tennis for nearly two decades, Helen Wills Moody defeats Helen Jacob to win her eight Wimbledon singles title, and final major championship

1944 – American bombers drop bombs and leaflets on German-occupied Budapest as part of Operation Gardening

1947 – The Soviet Union rejects the Marshall Plan (economic aid to war-torn European nations, including Germany) when Soviet Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov walks out of a meeting with representatives of the British and French governments

1961 – Novelist Ernest Hemingway commits suicide at his home in Ketchum, Idaho

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law

1967 – The US launches Operation Buffalo in Vietnam

1976 – North and South Vietnam are officially reunified

1977 – Russian and American author, Vladimir Nabokov, dies

1980 – President Jimmy Carter reinstates draft registration for males 18 years old

1986 – Actress and singer, Lindsay Lohan, is born

1990 – A stampede of Muslims in a pedestrian tunnel in Mecca kills over 1,400

1992 – Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking breaks publishing records in Britain with his book, A Brief History of Time, selling more than 3 million copies in 22 languages

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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