This Day in History - December 3

December 3

311 – Roman emperor Diocletian dies

1468 – Piero de Medici is succeeded by his sons, Lorenzo the Magnificent and Giuliano, as rulers of Florence, Italy

1755 – Portrait painter, Gilbert Stewart is born

1762 – France cedes Upper Louisiana territory to Spain

1818 – Illinois becomes the 21st state

1800 – The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Hohenlinden, near Munich

1826 – Union General George B. McClellan is born

1833 – Cuban epidemiologist, Carlos Juan Finlay is born

1839 – Future President Abraham Lincoln is admitted to practice law in the US Circuit Court

1847 – Frederick Douglass and Martin Delaney establish an anti-slavery paper known as North Star

1857 – Polish-born novelist, Joseph Conrad is born

1862 – Confederate raiders attack a Federal forage train on the Hardin Pike near Nashville, Tennessee

1863 – Confederate General James Longstreet moves his army east and north toward Greeneville

1864 – During his march to the sea, Major General William Tecumseh Sherman finds a slight resistance from Confederates at Thomas Station

1894 – Scottish author and poet, Robert Louis Stevenson dies

1895 – English and Austrian psychoanalyst, Anna Freud is born

1906 – The US Supreme Court orders Industrial Workers of the World leaders extradited to Idaho for the trial in the Steunenberg murder case

1910 – Founder of Christian Science, writer Mary Baker Eddy dies

1912 – The First Balkan War ends with an armistice between Turkey and Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro

1915 – The US expels German attaches on spy charges

1916 – French commander Joseph Joffre is dismissed due to his failure at the Somme, and General Robert Nivelle is appointed the new French commander in chief

1918 – The Allied Conference in London ends with the decision that Germany must pay for the war

1922 – Swedish cinematographer, Sven Nykvist is born

1925 – French film director, Jean-Luc Godard is born

1925 – The League of Nations orders Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria

1926 – British reports that German soldiers are being trained in the Soviet Union

1928 – American businessman, Ezra Meeker dies

1933 – Dutch chemist, Paul Crutzen is born

1934 – Leader of the Shining Path Maoist guerrilla insurgency in Peru, Abimael Guzman is born

1937 – American Irish author, Morgan Llywelyn is born

1939 – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll dies

1944 – A civil war breaks out in Athens, Greece between communist guerillas and democratic forces

1947 – A Streetcar Named Desire opens on Broadway

1948 – Singer, songwriter, and actor, Ozzy Osbourne is born

1950 – The Chinese close in on Pyongyang, Korea, and UN forces withdraw southward

1951 – Race car driver, Rick Mears is born

1960 – Actress Daryl Hannah is born

1962 – Roger Hilsman, director of the State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research, sends a report to Secretary of State Dean Rusk that concludes that communist Viet Cong fighters are obviously prepared for a long war

1963 – Woman who while in a persistent vegetative state, became the focus of a 15-year legal battle over the question of artificially prolonging the life of a patient, Terri Schiavo is born

1965 – The National Council of Churches asks the US to halt the bombings in North Vietnam

1967 – The first human heart transplant takes place in Cape Town, South Africa. Surgeon Christiaan Barnard performs the operation on Lewis Washkansky

1973 – Actress and TV producer, Holly Marie Combs is born

1977 – The State Department proposes the admission of 10,000 more Vietnamese refugees to the US

1979 – Olympic gold medal-winning field hockey player Dhyan Chand dies

1979 – Eleven people are killed and eight injured in a stampede to see the rock band The Who in Cincinnati, Ohio

1981 – Spanish soccer player, David Villa is born

1984 – An explosion at a Union Carbide (pesticide) plant kills 2,000 in Bhopal, India, in the worst industrial accident in history. Another 200,000 were injured when the toxic gas spread throughout the city

1985 – American singer and actress, Amanda Seyfried is born

1989 – Five-year-old Melissa Brannen disappears from a Christmas party in Fairfax, Virginia. Using forensics, fibers were collected from the car of Caleb Hughes, who had left the party at the same time Brannen went missing and was caught washing his shoes, clothes, and belt by authorities who had arrived to question him. The fibers were an identical match to a sweater that Brannen had been wearing, that were matched against an identical copy obtained by the manufacturer. Caleb was convicted of abduction with intent to defile, but Brannen was never found

1989 – President George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end of the Cold War at a meeting in Malta

1992 – The world’s first text message is sent via personal computer and the Vodafone network, by a test engineer for Sema Group

1997 – The Ottawa Treaty, prohibiting the manufacture of deployment of antipersonnel landmines, is signed by representatives of 121 nations excluding the People’s Republic of China, the US or the USSR

2005 – First manned rocket aircraft delivery of US mail takes place in Mojave, California

2005 – Third in line of succession to the Norwegian throne, Prince Sverre Magnus is born

2009 – Suicide bombings in Mogadishu, Somalia kills 25

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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