This Day in History - November 23

November 23

912 – Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, is born

1248 – After a two-year siege, Seville, Spain surrenders to Ferdinand III of Castile

1499 – Perkin Warbeck, who invaded England claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV, is hanged, allegedly for trying to escape from the Tower of London. His story was written by the Tudors-history’s victors and it might never be known if he actually was Richard of York, son of King Edward IV, or a Flemish imposter

1749 – South Carolina representative to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, Edward Rutledge is born

1785 – John Hancock is elected president of the Continental Congress for the second time

1804 – American War hero and 14th president of the US, Franklin Pierce is born

1819 – Union General, Benjamin Prentiss is born

1859 – Infamous Western outlaw Billy the Kid aka William H. Bonney, is born

1863 – Union forces win the Battle of Orchard Knob, Tennessee

1863 – The Battle of Chattanooga begins

1876 – William Magear “Boss” Tweed and leader of New York City’s corrupt Tammany Hall political organization during the 1860s and 1870s, that openly bought votes and encouraged judicial corruption, is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain

1878 – Commander-in-chief of the US fleet who designed the US’ winning strategy in World War II, Ernest King is born

1887 – Actor Boris Karloff is born

1888 – American comedian, Adolph Arthur “Harpo” Marx is born

1897 – Jazz pianist, Willie “The Lion” Smith is born

1903 – Italian tenor, Enrico Caruso debuts in America at Metropolitan Opera

1903 – Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia to the mining town of Cripple Creek in an effort to defeat the union of Western Federation of Miners

1904 – Russo-German talks fail because of Russia’s insistence to consult France

1909 – The Wright brothers form a million-dollar corporation for the commercial manufacture of their airplanes

1915 – Allied and Turkish forces continue into a second day during the Battle of Ctesiphon on the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, or modern-day Iraq during World War I

1921 – President Warren Harding signs the Willis-Campbell Act, forbidding doctors to prescribe beer or liquor for medicinal purposes

1923 – Poet and author, Gloria Whelan is born

1923 – Romanian judge and author, Urmuz dies

1933 – President Franklin Roosevelt recalls the American ambassador from Havana, Cuba and urges stability

1934 – The US and Great Britain agree on a 5-5-3 naval ratio, with both countries allowed to build five million tons of naval ships while Japan can only build three

1936 – The US abandons the American embassy in Madrid, Spain, which is engulfed by civil war

1936 – The first issue of Life is published

1940 – Romania signs the Tripartite Pact, becoming an official member of the Axis powers by allying with Germany, Italy and Japan

1941 – US troops move into Dutch Guiana to guard the bauxite mines

1942 – Casablanca premieres in New York City

1943 – US Marines declare the island of Tarawa secure

1943 – Civil rights activist who was murdered by the Ku Klux Klan in 1964, Andrew Goodman is born

1945 – Wartime meat and butter rationing ends in the US

1950 – American politician, Chuck Schumer is born

1953 – North Korea signs a 10-year aid pact with Peking

1959 – Convicted murderer and ornithological expert, Robert Stroud, “Birdman of Alcatraz,” is released from solitary confinement for the first time since 1916

1961 – Businessman who founded Papa John’s Pizza, John Schnatter is born

1968 – Four men hijack an American plane with 87 passengers aboard from Miami to Cuba

1970 – Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird discloses the November 21 U.S. raid on the North Vietnamese prison camp at Son Tay

1972 – Secret peace talks resume in Paris between Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho, the North Vietnamese representative, but immediately become deadlocked

1979 – Thomas McMahon, Irish Republican Army member, is sentenced to life imprisonment for planting the bomb that killed Lord Louis Mountbatten and three others in October

1980 – Author, Ishmael Beah is born

1980 – 3,000 people die in Italy during Europe’s largest earthquake since 1915

1981 – President Ronald Reagan signs top-secret directive giving the CIA authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua

1982 – Jamaican sprinter, Asafa Powell is born

1984 – Boston College’s quarterback Doug Flutie throws a last-second 64-yard Hail Mary pass to beat the University of Miami 47-45

1990 – The first all-women expedition to the South Pole sets off from Antarctica

1990 – Roald Dahl, best-selling author of children’s books such as Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and James and the Giant Peach, dies

1992 – The first Smartphone is introduced at COMDEX in Las Vegas, Nevada

1992 – American singer, songwriter, and actress, Miley Cyrus is born

2005 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia, making her the first woman to lead an African nation

2006 – In the second-deadliest day of sectarian violence in Iraq since the beginning of the 2003 war, 215 people are killed and nearly 260 injured by bombs in Sadr City

2006 – Russian spy, Alexander Litvinenko dies

2006 – American boxer, Willie Pep dies

2011 – Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh signs an agreement to transfer power to the vice president in exchange for legal immunity, after 11 months of protests

2012 – Actor Larry Hagman, star of “Dallas” and I Dream of Jeanine,” dies

2014 – 2nd Mayor of the District of Columbia, Marion Barry dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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