This Day in History - November 8

November 8

392 – Legislation is passed prohibiting all pagan worship in the empire by Theodosius of Rome

1226 – Louis IX succeeds Louis VIII as King of France

1576 – The 17 provinces of the Netherlands form a federation to maintain peace

1620 – At the Battle of Prague, the King of Bohemia is defeated

1656 – Mathematician and astronomer who predicted the return of the comet that bears his name, Edmond Halley, is born

1674 – English poet, John Milton, dies

1685 – Huguenots are offered refuge with the Edict of Potsdam, offered by Fredrick William of Brandenburg

1775 – General George Washington seeks to turn militias into a military

1793 – The Louvre opens to the public in Paris

1847 – Author, Bram Stoker, is born

1861 – Charles Wilkes seizes Confederate commissioners John Slidell and James Mason from the British ship Trent

1864 – President Abraham Lincoln is re-elected in the first wartime election in the US

1878 – The world’s fastest bicycle racer for 12 years, Marshall Walter Taylor, “Major Taylor” is born

1879 – Russian Communist leader, Leon Trotsky, is born

1884 – Swiss psychiatrist and inventor of the inkblot test, Hermann Rorschach, is born

1887 – Doc Holliday dies of tuberculosis in Glenwood Springs, Colorado

1889 – Montana joins the Union as the 41st state

1895 – Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen becomes the first person to observe X-rays, accidentally while testing whether cathode rays could pass through glass

1900 – Theodore Dreiser’s first novel Sister Carrie is published, only to shortly be recalled from stores due to public sentiment

1900 – Swiss botanist and molecular biology pioneer, Albert Friedrich Frey-Wyssling, is born

1900 – American writer, Margaret Mitchell, is born

1904 – President Roosevelt is elected president of the US

1909 – American Oscar-winning actress, Katherine Hepburn, is born

1910 – The Democrats prevail in congressional elections for the first time since 1894

1916 – German novelist and dramatist, Peter Ulrich Weiss, is born

1917 – The day after the uprising led by his socialist Bolsheviks who toppled the provisional Russian government, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin calls for an immediate armistice with the Central Powers in World War I

1922 – South African surgeon who performed the first human heart transplant, Christiaan Barnard, is born

1923 – Adolf Hitler attempts a coup in Munich, the “Beer Hall Putsch,” and proclaims himself chancellor and Ludendorff dictator

1927 – Singer, Patti Page, is born

1927 – 3rd President of South Vietnam, Nguyen Khanh, is born

1929 – US college football coach who holds NCAA record for most career wins and bowl wins by any Division I FBS coach, Bobby Bowden, is born

1931 – Journalist and 60 Minutes correspondent, Morley Safer, is born

1932 – Author, Ben Bova, is born

1932 – Franklin Roosevelt is elected the 32nd president of the US

1938 – Crystal Bird Fauset of Pennsylvania becomes the first black woman elected to a state legislature

1939 – On the 16th anniversary of Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch, a bomb explodes just after Hitler has finished giving a speech, in an assassination attempt, but he was unharmed. Georg Elser, a carpenter, and German communist planted the bomb, although at the behest of whom, is still unknown. The Gestapo killed Elser in 1945

1942 – The US and Great Britain invade Axis-occupied North Africa

1949 – Blues singer, songwriter, and musician, Bonnie Raitt, is born

1950 – Actress and journalist, Mary Hart, is born

1951 – Yankees catcher, Yogi Berra, is voted the American League’s most valuable player for the first time in his career

1953 – Nobel Prize-winning Russian author and poet, Ivan Bunin, dies

1954 – Singer, songwriter, and musician Rickie Lee Jones, is born

1960 – John Kennedy is elected 35th president of the US

1961 – English soccer player and manager, Micky Adams, is born

1965 – Operation Hump takes place in the Vietnam War, where US 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Bien Hoa Province and in the Gang Toi Hills nearby, the Royal Australian Regiment is also engaged by Viet Cong forces

1965 – For action this day in the Iron Triangle northwest of Saigon, Specialist Five Lawrence Joel, a medic with the 1st Battalion, 503rd Airborne Infantry, 173rd Airborne Brigade earns the Medal of Honor, and becomes the first black, living recipient of the honor since the Spanish-American War

1965 – American journalist, Dorothy Kilgallen, dies

1966 – Republican Edward Brooke of Massachusetts becomes the first black elected to the Senate in 85 years

1966 – Scottish chef and television host, Gordon Ramsay, is born

1970 – Co-founder of Myspace, Tom Anderson, is born

1974 – Carol DaRonch escapes being abducted by serial killer Ted Bundy, by jumping out of his Volkswagen. Her attempted abduction eventually provided police with enough information to capture Bundy, get him to confess to the murder of 28 women, to which he was executed for in 1989

1977 – Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos discovers what is believed to be the tomb of Phillip II of Macedon at Vergina in northern Greece

1983 – Wilson B. Goode is elected as the first black mayor of the city of Philadelphia

1986 – American computer programmer and activist, Aaron Swartz, is born

1986 – Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Union, Vyacheslav Molotov, dies

1987 – The IRA detonates a bomb during a Remembrance Day ceremony in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, which honors those who had died in wars involving British forces, killing a dozen people and wounding over 60

1994 – The storm that would become Hurricane Gordon, and kill 1,000 people, forms in the Gulf of Mexico east of Costa Rica

1994 – For the first time in 40 years, the Republican Party wins control of both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate in midterm congressional elections

1994 – Salvatore “Sonny” Bono is elected to the US House of Representatives from California’s 44th Congressional District

2000 – Disputes begin over US presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore, and the Supreme Court ruling on Dec. 12 results in a 271-266 electoral victory for Bush

2003 – Daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, Lady Louise Windsor, is born

2004 – More than 10,000 US troops and a few Iraqi army units besiege an insurgent stronghold at Fallujah

2013 – One of the strongest storms ever recorded, Super Typhoon Haiyan, hits the Philippines, with sustained winds of 195 mph and gusts up to 235 mph and kills over 5,000 (date is Nov. 7 in the US)

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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