This Day in History - November 3

November 3

361 – Roman emperor, Constantius II, dies

1394 – Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI

1493 – Christopher Columbus arrives at Dominica during his second expedition

1507 – Leonardo da Vinci is commissioned to paint Lisa Gherardini (“Mona Lisa”)

1529 – The first parliament for five years opens in England

1679 – As a comet closely approaches Europe, people are panic-stricken

1718 – Fourth Earl of Sandwich and inventor of the sandwich, John Montague is born

1762 – Spain acquires Louisiana

1777 – General George Washington is informed that there is a conspiracy, led by Thomas Conway, to discredit him with Congress and have him replaced by General Horatio Gates

1783 – George Washington orders the Continental Army to be disbanded

1794 – Poet and journalist, William Cullen Bryant, is born

1794 – American ambassador James Monroe helps to get Thomas Paine released from jail in Paris, after having been arrested for having offended the Robespierre faction

1801 – German publisher of travel guides, Karl Baedeker, is born

1813 – American troops destroy the Indian village of Tallushatchee in the Mississippi Valley

1815 – Irish activist and journalist, John Mitchel, is born

1816 – Confederate General, Jubal Early, is born

1831 – American social reformer, Ignatius Donnelly, is born

1868 – Ulysses S. Grant is elected as the 18th president of the US

1883 – British General William Hicks leads a poorly trained Egyptian army into a Mahdist ambush and massacre near El Obeid in the Sudan

1883 – In race riots in Danville, Virginia, four blacks are killed

1883 – American Indians are declared as “dependent aliens” by the US Supreme Court

1883 – Authorities almost catch the California bandit and infamous stagecoach robber called Black Bart, who robbed Wells Fargo wagons carrying gold and stagecoaches and left short poems behind signed by “Black Bart, the Po-8.” Eventually, he was caught and received a six-year sentence which he served only 4 of, in San Quentin prison

1885 – Tacoma vigilantes drive out the Chinese and burn their homes and businesses

1892 – First automatic telephone exchange goes into operation in La Porte, Indiana

1896 – William McKinley is elected as the 25th president of the US

1901 – French novelist, Andre Malraux, is born

1903 – With the support of the U.S. government, Panama issues a declaration of independence from Colombia

1903 – Photographer, Walker Evans, is born

1909 – Reporter, editor, and columnist, James “Scotty” Reston, is born

1912 – Ponche and Prinard fly the first all-metal plane near Issy in France

1918 – The Kiel mutinies take place during World War I, where some 3,000 sailors and workers revolted, raising the red flag of communism and the Austro-Hungarian Empire is dissolved

1918 – American baseball player, Bob Feller, is born

1918 – US Senator from Louisiana from 1951 to 1968 and son of Huey P. Long, Russell Long, is born

1920 – Australian Aboriginal poet, Oodgeroo Noonuccal, is born

1921 – Milk drivers dump thousands of gallons of milk onto New York City’s streets while on strike

1926 – American target shooter, Annie Oakley, dies

1930 – The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel between the United States and Canada is officially opened to car traffic

1933 – Politician and longest-sitting governor in the history of the State of Massachusetts, unsuccessful Democratic candidate for US presidency, Michael Dukakis, is born

1933 – Nobel Memorial Prize-winning Indian economist, Amartya Sen, is born

1935 – Left-wing groups in France form the Socialist and Republican Union

1941 – The Combine Japanese Fleet receive Top-Secret Order No. 1: In 34 days time, Pearl Harbor is to be bombed, along with Mayala, the Dutch East Indies, and the Philippines

1942 – Novelist Martin Cruz Smith is born

1948 – The Chicago Tribune jumps the gun and mistakenly declares New York Governor Thomas Dewey the winner of his presidential race

1949 – English and American actor, journalist, and editor, Anna Wintour, is born

1949 – Professional boxer known as The Easton Assassin, Larry Holmes is born

1952 – Comedian, actress, and producer Roseanne Barr is born

1952 – Virologist and AIDS researcher David Ho is born

1954 – French painter Henri Matisse dies

1956 – Film director and screenwriter Gary Ross is born

1957 – Sputnik II is launched by the Soviet Union with Laika the dog, and first animal in space aboard

1957 – Austrian and American psychotherapist, Wilhelm Reich, dies

1957 – Swedish actor, Dolph Lundgren, is born

1964 – Residents of Washington, D.C. are allowed to vote in a presidential election for the first time

1964 – Lyndon B. Johnson is elected as the 36th president of the US

1964 – Robert Kennedy is elected as a senator from New York

1967 – The Battle of Dak To begins in Vietnam’s Central Highlands and will consist of a series of engagements that will continue throughout November 22

1969 – US President Richard Nixon asks the “silent majority” of the American public people to support his policies and the continuing war in Vietnam

1973 – NASA launches Mariner 10, which will go on to become the first probe to reach Mercury

1974 – A huge fire rages out of control in a hotel in South Korea, killing 88 people

1976 – Carrie, a horror film starring Sissy Spacek and based on Stephen King’s 1974 best-selling first novel, opens in theaters around the United States

1979 – Seven members of the Communist Workers Party are injured and five are killed during a “Death to the Klan” rally in Greensboro, NC, by Ku Klux Klansmen and neo-Nazis

1983 – Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for president of the US

1984 – Bobby Joe Long kidnaps and rapes 17-year-old Lisa McVey in Tampa, Florida. McVey was able to recall many crucial details that helped police arrest Long quickly. He was sentenced to a string of 99 life prison terms after confessing to ten area homicides

1986 – The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the US has secretly been selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of 7 American hostages being held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon

1992 – William Jefferson Clinton is elected 42nd president of the US

1996 – 2nd President of the Central African Republic, Jean Bedel Bokassa, dies

1997 – The US imposes economic sanctions against Sudan in response to human rights abuses and support of Islamic extremist groups

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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