This Day in History - April 22

April 22

296 – St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

536 – St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1451 – Queen of Spain, Isabella I is born

1500 – Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil

1509 – Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England, upon the death of his father, Henry VII

1529 – Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragossa

1616 – Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes dies

1707 – English novelist Henry Fielding is born

1724 – German philosopher Immanuel Kant is born

1745 – The Peace of Fussen is signed

1778 – Commander John Paul Jones leads a detachment of two boats from his ship on a raid on Whitehaven, England

1792 – President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe

1861 – Robert Lee is named commander of Virginia forces

1863 – Colonel Benjamin Grierson’s Union troops decimate Central Mississippi, cutting off telegraph lines and railroads

1870 – The first head of the USSR and leader of the Bolsheviks, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is born

1873 – American novelist Ellen Glasgow is born

1876 – Novelist Ole Edvart Rolvaag is born

1886 – Ohio passes a statute making seduction illegal, for all men over the age of 18 working as teachers or instructors of women

1889 – The Oklahoma Land Rush officially begins at noon, as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land

1891 – Italian and American criminal Nicola Sacco is born

1898 – In the first action of the Spanish-American War, the USS Nashville, takes on a Spanish ship

1899 – Novelist Vladimir Nabokov is born

1904 – Physicist and director of the Manhattan Project, J. Robert Oppenheimer is born

1906 – The Olympic Games begin in Athens

1915 – At the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans use poison gas for the first time

1916 – Violinist Yehudi Menuhin is born

1918 – The world’s tallest man, at 8’11.1, Robert Wadlow, is born

1918 – British naval forces attempt to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeebrugge

1922 – Jazz bassist Charles Mingus is born

1931 – Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq

1933 – Frederick Henry Royce, founder of Rolls-Royce, dies

1934 – George “Baby Face” Nelson kills Special Agent W. Carter Baum during an FBI raid in northern Wisconsin

1937 – Actor John Nicholson is born

1943 – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Louise Gluck is born

1944 – Allies launch a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea

1945 – Adolf Hitler admits to all inside his underground bunker that the war is lost and suicide is his only recourse

1954 – Senator Joseph McCarthy begins investigating the US Army for his charges that they were “soft” on communism

1955 – Congress orders all US coins to bear the motto “In God We Trust”

1968 – Defense Secretary Clark Clifford declares that the South Vietnamese have “acquired the capacity to begin to insure their own security and they are going to take over more and more of the fighting”

1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated in the US

1972 – Antiwar demonstrations are held in various cities across the country

1976 – Barbara Walters becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television

1977 – Optical fiber is used for telephone transmissions for the first time

1978 – The legendary Blues Brothers make their world premiere on Saturday Night Live

1983 – Pianist Earl Hines dies

1986 – Romanian author and historian Mircea Eliade dies

1992 – Dozens of sewer explosions in Guadalajara, Mexico kill more than 200 and damage 1,000 buildings

1994 – Former President Richard Nixon dies

1995 – In Africa, Rwandan troops kill thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho

1997 – Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori orders an assault on the Japanese ambassador’s home, hoping to free 72 hostages being held for over four months by members of the Tupac Amaru leftist movement. The raid was successful and only one hostage was killed during the attack

1999 – Scientist and engineer Munir Ahmad Khan dies

2004 – Pat Tillman, a pro football player who left his career behind to enlist in the US Army, is killed by friendly fire while serving in Afghanistan

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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