This Day in History - April 23

April 23

1014 – Brian Boru, the high king of Ireland, is assassinated by Vikings shortly after his Irish forces defeated them

1348 – The first English order of knighthood is founded

1500 – Pedro Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal

1521 – The Comuneros are crushed by royalist troops in Spain

1564 – Dramatist and poet William Shakespeare is born

1661 – Dramatist and poet William Shakespeare dies

1661 – Charles II is formally crowned King, returning the monarchy to Britain

1759 – British forces seize Basse-Terre and Guadeloupe from France

1778 – John Paul Jones and his volunteers launch a surprise attack on two harbor forts at Whitehaven, England

1789 – President George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York

1791 – 15th President of the US, James Buchanan is born

1813 – Politician Stephen Douglas is born

1826 – Missolonghi falls to Egyptian forces

1856 – Free State JN Mace in Westport, Kansas shoots pro-slavery sheriff Samuel Jones in the back

1858 – Nobel Prize-winning physicist Max Planck is born

1859 – William Byers distributes the first newspaper ever published in Denver, Colorado, beating a rival publisher by a mere 20 minutes

1865 – Union cavalry units continue to skirmish with Confederate forces in Henderson, North Carolina and Munford’s Station, Alabama

1865 – Confederate President Jefferson Davis writes to his wife, Varina, of the situation facing the Confederates and saying, “Panic has seized the country”

1891 – Russian pianist, composer and conductor Sergei Prokofiev is born

1895 – Russia, France, and Germany force Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China

1896 – Motion pictures premiere in New York City

1897 – US military governor of occupied Berlin, Lucius D. Clay is born

1902 – Nobel Prize-winning Icelandic novelist Halldor Laxness is born

1914 – The Federals defeat Kansas City 9-1 in the first major league game to be played in Chicago’s Weeghman Park, later named Wrigley Field

1915 – The ACA becomes the National Advisory Council on Aeronautics, the forerunner to NASA

1915 – Rupert Brooke, a young scholar, and poet serving as an officer in the British Royal Navy, dies of blood poisoning in Greece

1920 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly has first meeting

1924 – The US Senate passes the Soldier’s Bonus Bill

1926 – Writer JP Donleavy is born

1926 – Astronaut who died on Apollo 1, Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom is born

1928 – Child actress and US ambassador Shirley Temple Black is born

1932 – Runner and writer who popularized running as a form of exercise, Jim Fixx is born

1936 – Singer, songwriter Roy Orbison is born

1942 – German bombers strike Exeter and Bath, Norwich, and York in England, in an attack called “Baedeker Raids”

1945 – The Soviet Army fights its way into Berlin

1945 – President Truman proves he was willing to take a tougher stance with the Soviets by confronting Vyacheslav Molotov

1950 – Chiang Kai-shek evacuates Hainan, leaving mainland China to Mao Zedong and the communists

1954 – The Army-McCarthy hearings begin

1954 – Hank Aaron hits his first home run of his MLB career

1961 – Often called “the greatest night in showbiz history,” singer and actress Judy Garland plays Carnegie Hall

1966 – President Lyndon Johnson publicly appeals for more nations to come to the aid of South Vietnam

1967 – Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov is killed when his parachute fails to deploy during his spacecraft’s landing

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death for killing Senator Robert Kennedy

1971 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 10, becoming the first mission to the Salyut 1 Space Station

1971 – The Rolling Stones release their album “Sticky Fingers”

1975 – President Gerald Ford says the Vietnam War is over as far as Americans are concerned while delivering a speech at Tulane University

1984 – The discovery of the virus causing AIDS is announced

1985 – Coca-Cola releases New Coke, a formula so unpopular that the original Coke was re-introduced as Coca-Cola Classic soon afterward

1986 – Director, producer and actor Otto Preminger dies

1987 – Chrysler Corporation purchases Nuova Automobil F. Lamborghini

1988 – Kanellos Kanellopoulos flies across the Aegean Sea in a human-powered craft

1992 – Producer, director, screenwriter Satyajit Ray dies

1993 – Activist Cesar Chavez dies

1998 – 3rd President of Greece, Konstantinos Karamanlis dies

2005 – The first YouTube video is posted, by Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo

2007 – 1st President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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