This Day in History - March 29

March 29

1461 – The armies of Henry VI and Edward IV fight at Towton

1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded

1638 – A permanent European colony is established in present-day Delaware

1772 – Swedish scientist Emanuel Swedenborg dies

1776 – General George Washington appoints Major General Israel Putnam commander of the troops in New York

1790 – 10th President of the US, John Tyler, is born

1795 – Ludwig van Beethoven makes his debut performance as a pianist in Vienna

1797 – Writer and women’s rights activist Mary Wollstonecraft marries William Godwin

1806 – Congress authorizes surveying to begin for the construction of the Cumberland Road, to aid western immigration

1819 – Edwin Drake, driller of the first productive oil well, is born

1827 – Composer Ludwig van Beethoven is buried in Vienna. Over 10,000 attended

1835 – Elihu Thomson, the American inventor of electric welding and arc lighting, is born

1847 – US troops under General Winfield Scott takes possession of the Mexican stronghold at Vera Cruz

1848 – Niagara Falls stopped flowing due to an ice jam. This was the first time in recorded history it failed to flow

1865 – The final campaign of the Civil War begins in Virginia, known as the Appomattox Campaign

1867 – The US purchases Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million

1867 – The North American Act was passed by British Parliament, creating the Dominion of Canada

1867 – MLB pitcher Cy Young is born

1875 – First Lady of President Herbert Hoover, Lou Henry Hoover is born

1879 – British troops of the 90th Light Infantry Regiment repulse a major attack by Zulu tribesmen in northwest Zululand at Kambula

1881 – Architect Raymond Hood is born

1886 – Coca-Cola goes on sale for the first time in Atlanta at a drugstore. Dr. John Pemberton, the inventor, claims it can cure many ailments

1888 – Founder of the UPS, James Casey is born

1888 – French composer Charles-Valentin Alkan dies

1895 – German author Ernst Junger is born

1901 – Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia’s first parliamentary election

1903 – A regular news service begins between New York and London on Marconi’s wireless

1910 – Author of the Cherry Ames series, Helen Wells is born

1912 – Robert Scott, a British explorer who died on an expedition to the South Pole, makes his final diary entry

1912 – English Navy officer and explorer Robert Falcon Scott dies

1913 – The German government announces a raise in taxes to finance the new military budget

1916 – The Italians call off the fifth attack on Isonzo

1916 – US senator and presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy is born

1917 – Prime Minister Hjalmar Hammarskjold of Sweden resigns after remaining neutral in World War I, and in violation of the Allied blockade, continued trading with Germany

1918 – Actress and singer Pearl Bailey is born

1924 – Irish composer Charles Villiers Stanford dies

1929- President Herbert Hoover has a telephone installed in the Oval Office of the White House

1936 – Novelist Judith Guest is born

1936 – Italy firebombs Harar in Ethiopia

1941 – The British sink five Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean

1943 – Prime Minister of the UK John Major is born

1945 – General George Patton’s 3rd Army captures Frankfurt, Germany

1949 – Saxophonist and composer Michael Brecker is born

1951 – The Chinese reject General Douglas MacArthur’s truce offer in Korea

1951 – A homemade bomb explodes at Grand Central Station in New York, set off by the Mad Bomber. Nobody was injured, but in the coming months, five more bombs were found in and around New York. Eventually, George Peter Metesky was discovered to be responsible. He was sent to a mental institution.

1951 – Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical The King and I opens on Broadway starring Gertrude Lawrence and Yul Brynner

1951 – Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage, for their part in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II. They will later be sentenced to death and will be executed

1952 – President Harry Truman removes himself from the presidential race

1961 – The 23rd Amendment is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote

1961 – Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria, after a 4 ½ year trial

1962 – Cuba opens the trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders

1966 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

1967 – France launches its first nuclear submarine

1971 – Lieutenant William Calley Jr. is found guilty for his part in the My Lai massacre

1971 – Criminal Charles Manson is sentenced to death by gas chamber, although the state of California will abolish the death penalty the next year, preventing the sentence from being carried out

1973 – The last US troops withdraw from South Vietnam

1974 – The unmanned US space probe Mariner 10, becomes the first spacecraft to visit planet Mercury

1974 – The Terracotta Army, a collection of some 8,000 soldier sculptures depicting Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s army and set to guard the emperor’s tomb, was discovered by local farmers digging a water well in Xi’an, China

1975 – Egyptian president Anwar Sadat declares that he will reopen the Suez Canal

1976 – Eight Ohio National Guardsmen are indicted for shooting four Kent State students during an anti-war protest in 1970

1976 – Tennis player Jennifer Capriati is born

1982 – A combination of an earthquake and volcanic eruption at El Chichon in southern Mexico, kills thousands and destroys acres of farmland. Most were killed by exposure to the lava

1982 – 1st President of the European Commission, Walter Hallstein dies

1982 – The University of North Carolina wins the NCAA men’s basketball championship over Georgetown University, 63-62

1986 – A court in Rome acquits six men in a plot to kill the Pope

1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 10,000 for the first time

2002 – Israel declares Yasir Arafat as an enemy

2004 – Ireland becomes the first country to ban smoking in all workplaces

2005 – The Walt Disney Company ends its relationship with Harvey and Bob Weinstein, founders of Miramax Films. Despite years of tense negotiations, the final straw was the Weinstein’s determination to take on Michael Moore’s documentary, Fahrenheit 911

2006 – Singer Tom Jones is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II as Sir Tom Jones, a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. The only other celebrities to receive such an honor are Paul McCartney, Elton John, and Cliff Richard. Other celebrities, such as Eric Clapton and Mick Jagger have been knighted in the past but not to such a high order

2009 – Rick Wagoner, chairman and chief executive of General Motors, resigns at the request of the Obama administration. The failing company filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy and was seeking a government bailout

2010 – Two Islamist Chechen female suicide bombers detonate bombs in the Moscow underground, killing 40

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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